2011 UPSC Prelims Papers

2011 UPSC Prelims General Studies Paper

PRACTICE QUESTIONS- HISTORY

SOLUTIONS

10. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer

using the codes given below the lists: [1998]

List-I List-II

(Agricultural products) (Foremost producer)

A. Cotton 1. Madhya Pradesh

B. Gram 2. Gujarat

C. Black pepper 3. West Bengal

D. Pineapple 4. Kerala

Codes:

(a) A-2; B-1; C- 4; D-3 (b) A-2; B-1; C- 3; D-4

(c) A-1; B-2; C- 4; D-3 (d) A-1; B-2; C- 3; D-4


11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer

using the codes given below the lists: [1999]

List-I List-II

A. Cotton 1. Rainfall 1000–1500 mm;

Temperature 40°–60°C

B. Flax 2. Rainfall 1500–2000 mm;

Temperature 25°–35°C

C. Sugar beet 3. Rainfall 600–800 mm;

Temperature 5°–18º C

D. Jute 4. Rainfall 500–1000 mm;

Temperature 18°–22°C

5. Rainfall 500–600 mm;

Temperature 18°–22°C

Codes:

(a) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2 (b) A-2; B-3; C-5; D-4

(c) A-4; B-5; C-2; D-1 (d) A-4; B-3; C-5; D-2


12. Which one of the following agricultural practices is

eco-friendly? [1999]

(a) Organic farming

(b) Shifting cultivation

(c) Cultivation of high yielding varieties

(d) Growing plants in glass-houses


13. Assertion (A) : Insect resistant transgenic cotton has

been produced by inserting Bt gene. [1999]

Reason (R) : The Bt gene is derived from a bacterium.

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct

explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct

explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


14. Assertion (A) : Chile continues to be an important

producer of copper in the world.

Reason (R) : Chile is endowed with the world’s largest

deposit of porphyry copper. [1999]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct

explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct

explanation, of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


15. Assertion (A) : In Australia, cattle rearing is done more

for meat than for milk.

Reason (R) : Australians are traditionally

nonvegetarians [2000]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct

explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct

explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


16. The high density of population in Nile valley and
Islands of Java is primarily due to : [2001]

(a) intensive agriculture

(b) industrialization

(c) urbanization

(d) topographic limitations


17. With reference to Indian agriculture, which one of the
following statements is correct? [2002]

(a) About 90 percent of the area under pulses in India

is rainfed

(b) Share of pulses in the gross cropped are at the

national level has doubled in the last two decades.

(c) India accounts for about 15 percent of the total

area under rice in the world

(d) Rice occupies about 34 percent of the gross

cropped are in India


18. Consider the following high yielding varieties of crops

in India: [2002]

1. Arjun 2. Jaya

3. Padma 4. Sonalika

Which of these are of wheat?

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 4 (d) 3 and 4


19. Assertion (A) : Eastern coast of India produces more

rice than the western coast.

Reason (R) : Eastern coast receives more rainfall than

the western coast. [2003]

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the

correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not

the correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


20. Consider the following statements: [2003]

1. India is the original home of the cotton plant

2. India is the first country in the world to develop

hybrid cotton variety leading to increased

production

Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


21. The Genetic Engineering Approval Committee, whose

permission is required for cultivation of any

genetically modified crop such as Bt Cotton in India,

is under the Union Ministry of : [2003]

(a) Agriculture

(b) Environment and Forests

(c) Commerce and Industry

(d) Rural-Development


22. Consider the following statements: [2003]

1. India ranks first in the world in fruit production

2. India ranks second in the world in export of

tobacco

Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither I nor 2


23. Consider the following crops: [2004]

1. Cotton 2. Groundnut

3. Maize 4. Mustard

Which of the above are kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2 , 3 and 4


24. Consider the following statements: [2005]

1. India is the only country in the world producing

all the five known commercial varieties of silk.

2. India is the largest producer of sugar in the world.

Which of the statements given above less is/are

correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


25. Assertion (A): The percentage of net sown area in the

total area of Andhra Pradesh is less as compared to

that of West Bengal.

 Reason (R) : The soil of most of Andhra Pradesh is

laterite. [2006]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct

explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct

explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


 26. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in

the decreasing order of production (in million tones)

of the given foodgrains in India? [2007]

(a) Wheat – Rice – Pulses – Coarse Cereals

(b) Rice – Wheat – Pulses – Coarse Cereals

(c) Wheat – Rice – Coarse Cereals – Pulses

(d) Rice – Wheat – Coarse Cereals – Pulses


27. Assertion (A) : There are no tea plantations in any

African country. [2007]

 Reason (R) : Tea plants need fertile soil with high

humus.

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct

explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct

explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


28. Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the

following? [2007]

(a) Cashewnut (b) Coffee

(c) Tea (d) Rosewood


29. Though coffee and tea both are cultivated on hill slopes,

there is some difference between them regarding their

cultivation. In this context, consider the following

statements: [2010]

1. Coffee plant requires a hot and humid climate of

tropical areas whereas tea can be cultivated in

both tropical and subtropical areas.

2. Coffee is propagated by seeds but tea is

propagated by stem cuttings only.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


30. An objective of the National Food Security Mission is

to increase the production of certain crops through

area expansion and productivity enhancement in a

sustainable manner in the identified districts of the

country. What are those crops? [2010]

(a) Rice and wheat only

(b) Rice, wheat and pulses only

(c) Rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds only

(d) Rice, wheat, pulses, oil seeds and vegetables


31. Due to their extensive rice cultivation, some regions

may be contributing to global warming. To what

possible reason/reasons is this is attributable?[2010]

1. The anaerobic conditions associated with rice

cultivation cause the emission of methane.

2. When nitrogen based fertilizers are used, nitrous

oxide is emitted from the cultivated soil.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


32. Given below are the names of four energy crops.

Which one of them can be cultivated for ethanol ?

[2010]

(a) Jatropha (b) Maize

(c) Pongamia (d) Sunflower


33. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water

accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind

salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization

on the irrigated land ? [2011 - I]

(a) It greatly increases the crop production

(b) It makes some soils impermeable

(c) It raises the water table

(d) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water


34. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of

‘mixed farming’? [2012 - I]

(a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops

(b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field

(c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops

together

(d) None of the above


35. Consider the following crops of India : [2012 - I]

1. Cowpea 2. Green gram

3. Pigeon pea

Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green

manure?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


36. Consider the following crops of India : [2012 - I]

1. Groundnut

2. Sesamum

3. Pearl millet

Which of the above is/are predominantly rained crop/

crops?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


37. Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used

in [2013 – I]

(a) desert margins, liable to strong wind action

(b) low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to

flooding

(c) scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth

(d) None of the above


38. Consider the following crops: [2013 – I]

1. Cotton 2. Groundnut

3. Rice 4. Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 4 (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2, 3 and 4


39. With reference to Neem tree, consider the following

statements : [2014 – I]

1. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the

proliferation of some species of insects and mites.

2. Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of

biofuels and hospital detergents.

3. Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical

industry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


40. Consider the following pairs : [2014 – I]

Region Well-known for the

production of

1. Kinnaur : Areca nut

2. Mewat : Mango

3. Coromandel : Soya bean

Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) None


41. Consider the following techniques phenomena :

[2014 – I]

1. Budding and grafting in fruit plants

2. Cytoplasmic male sterility

3. Gene silencing

Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic

crops?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 (d) None


42. Consider the following statements : [2014 – I]

1. Maize can be used for the production of starch.

2. Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for

biodiesel.

3. Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using

maize.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


43. What are the significances of a practical approach

to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable

Sugarcane Initiative’? [2014 – I]

1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the

conventional method of cultivation.

2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively

in this.

3. There is no application of chemical/inorganic

fertilizers at all in this.

4. The scope for intercropping is more in this

compared to the conventional method of

cultivation.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


44. Consider the following pairs : [2014 – I]

Programme/Project Ministry

1 . Drought-Prone Area : Ministry of Agriculture

Programme

2. Desert Development : Ministry of Environment

Programme and Forests

3. National Watershed : Ministry of Rural

Development Project Development

for Rainfed Areas

Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) None


45. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated

Watershed Development Programme’? [2014 – I]

1. Prevention of soil runoff

2. Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal

rivers

3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of

groundwater table

4. Regeneration of natural vegetation

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


46. In India, cluster bean (Guar) is traditionally used as

a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation

of this has assumed significance. Which one of the

following statements is correct in this context?

[2014 – I]

(a) The oil extracted from seeds is used in the

manufacture of biodegradable plastics

(b) The gum made from its seeds is used in the

extraction of shale gas

(c) The leaf extract of this plant has the properties

of antihistamines

(d) It is a source of high quality biodiesel


47. Which of the following statements is/are correct

regarding vegetative propagation of plants? [2014 – I]

1. Vegetative propagation produces clonal

population.

2. Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the

virus.

3. Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of

the year.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


48. The substitution of steel for wooden ploughs in

agricultural production is an example of [2015-I]

(a) labour-augmenting technological progress

(b) capital-augmenting technological progress

(c) capital-reducing technological progress

(d) None of the above


49. Which one of the following best describes the main

objective of ‘Seed Village Concept’? [2015-I]

(a) Encouraging the farmers to use their own farm

seeds and discouraging them to buy the seeds

from others

(b) Involving the farmers for training in quality seed

production and thereby to make available quality

seeds to others at appropriate time and affordable

cost

(c) Earmarking some villages exclusively for the

production of certified seeds

(d) Identifying the entrepreneurs in village and

providing them technology and finance to set up

seed companies


50. Which of the following has/have been accorded

‘Geographical Indication’ status? [2015-I]

1. Banaras Brocades and Sarees

2. Rajasthani Daal-Bati-Churma

3. Tirupathi Laddu

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 only 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


51. What can be the impact of excessive / inappropriate

use of nitrogenous fertilizers in agriculture? [2015-I]

1. Proliferation of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms

in soil can occur.

2. Increase in the acidity of soil can take place.

3. Leaching of nitrate to the ground-water can occur.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


52. In India, markets in agricultural products are

regulated under the [2015-I]

(a) Essential Commodities Act, 1955

(b) Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act

enacted by States

(c) Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act,

1937

(d) Food Products Order, 1956 and Meat and Food

Products Order, 1973


53. The terms ‘Agreement on Agriculture’, ‘Agreement on

the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary

Measures’ and ‘Peace Clause’ appear in the news

frequently in the context of the affairs of the [2015-I]

(a) Food and Agriculture Organization

(b) United Nations Framework Conference on

Climate Change

(c) World Trade Organisation

(d) United Nations Environment Programme


47. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants? [2014 – I]

1. Vegetative propagation produces clonal population.

2. Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the virus.

3. Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of the year.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


48. The substitution of steel for wooden ploughs in

agricultural production is an example of [2015-I]

(a) labour-augmenting technological progress

(b) capital-augmenting technological progress

(c) capital-reducing technological progress

(d) None of the above


49. Which one of the following best describes the main objective of ‘Seed Village Concept’? [2015-I]

(a) Encouraging the farmers to use their own farm seeds and discouraging them to buy the seeds from others

(b) Involving the farmers for training in quality seed production and thereby to make available quality seeds to others at appropriate time and affordable cost

(c) Earmarking some villages exclusively for the production of certified seeds

(d) Identifying the entrepreneurs in village and providing them technology and finance to set up seed companies


 

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