ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE SYLLABUS

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE SYLLABUS

Syllabus for the OPTIONAL Paper ‘ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE’ for the IAS Main Examination is listed below. It consists of two parts: PAPER I and PAPER II. PAPER I contains 5 topics while PAPER II contains 5 topics as well.

PAPER – I syllabus

Paper I of ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE consists of 5 topics:

TOPIC 1: ANIMAL NUTRITION

ANIMAL NUTRITION consists of the following 8 sub-topics:

sub-topic 1:  Partitioning of food energy within the animal

1.1 Partitioning of food energy within the animal. Direct and indirect calorimetry. Carbon—nitrogen balance and comparative slaughter methods. Systems for expressing energy value of foods in ruminants, pigs and poultry. Energy requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool, and meat production. 

Study Material for this Topic:

Charles Robert Moulton – Studies in Animal Nutrition: Changes in Form and Weight on Different Planes of Nutrition

sub-topic 2: Latest advances in protein nutrition

1.2 Latest advances in protein nutrition. Energy protein inter-relationships. Evaluation of protein quality. Use of NPN compounds in ruminant diets. Protein requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool and meat production. 

Study Material for this Topic:

PC Gupta – Analytical Techniques in Animal Nutrition

sub-topic 3: Major and trace minerals

1.3 Major and trace minerals—Their sources, physiological functions and deficiency symptoms. Toxic minerals. Mineral interactions. Role of fat-soluble and water—soluble vitamins in the body, their sources and deficiency symptoms. 

Study Material for this Topic:

Suttle NF – Mineral Nutrition of Livestock

sub-topic 4: Feed additives

1.4 Feed additives—methane inhibitors, probiotics, enzymes, antibiotics, hormones, oligosaccharides, antioxidants, emulsifiers, mould inhibitors, buffers etc. Use and abuse of growth promoters like hormones and antibiotics—latest concepts.

Study Material for this Topic:

DV Reddy – Principles of Animal Nutrition and  Feed Technology

Vishal Mudgal – Practical Animal Nutrition

sub-topic 5: Conservation of fodders

1.5 Conservation of fodders. Storage of feeds and feed ingredients. Recent advances in feed technology and feed processing. Anti-nutritional and toxic factors present in livestock feeds. Feed analysis and quality control. Digestibility trials—direct, indirect and indicator methods. Predicting feed intake in grazing animals.  

Study Material for this Topic:

Pathak NN, Kamra DN, Agarwal N & Jakhmola RC – Analytical Techniques in Animal Nutrition Research

Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, 1921 – The Utilization of Calcium Compounds in Animal Nutrition

sub-topic 6: Advances in ruminant nutrition

1.6 Advances in ruminant nutrition. Nutrient requirements. Balanced rations. Feeding of calves, pregnant work animals and breeding bulls. Strategies for feeding milch animals during different stages of lactation cycle. Effect of feeding on milk composition. Feeding of goats for meat and milk production. Feeding of sheep for meat and wool production. 

Study Material for this Topic:

Ernest Browning Forbes – The Balance Between Inorganic Acids and Bases in Animal Nutrition

sub-topic 7: Swine Nutrition

1.7 Swine Nutrition. Nutrient requirements. Creep, starter, grower and finisher rations. Feeding of pigs for lean meat production. Low cost rations for swine. 

Study Material for this Topic:

Pond Wilson G – Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding

sub-topic 8: Poultry nutrition

1.8 Poultry nutrition. Special features of poultry nutrition. Nutrient requirements for meat and egg production. Formulation of rations for different classes of layers and broilers. 

Study Material for this Topic:

S Leeson & JD Summers – Commercial Poultry Nutrition

TOPIC 2: ANILMAL PHYSIOLOGY

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY consists of the following 9 sub-topics:

sub-topic 1: Physiology of blood and its circulation

2.1 Physiology of blood and its circulation; respiration; excretion. Endocrine glands in health and disease.

Study Material for this Topic:

Harvey William – An Anatomical Disquisition on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals

sub-topic 2: Blood constituents

2.2 Blood constituents – Properties and functions – blood cell formation – Haemoglobin synthesis and chemistry-plasma proteins production, classification and properties, coagulation of blood; Haemorrhagic disorders – anti-coagulants – blood groups – Blood volume – Plasma expanders-Buffer systems in blood. Biochemical tests and their significance in disease diagnosis.

Study Material for this Topic:

Harvey William – An Anatomical Disquisition on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals

sub-topic 3: Circulation 

2.3 Circulation – Physiology of heart, cardiac cycle, heart sounds, heart beat, electrocardiograms. Work and efficiency of heart – effect of ions on heart function-metabolism of cardiac muscle, nervous and chemical regulation of heart, effect of temperature and stress on heart, blood pressure and hypertension, osmotic regulation and arterial pulse, vasomotor regulation of circulation, shock. Coronary and pulmonary circulation. Blood-Brain barrier Cerebrospinal fluid circulation in birds.

Study Material for this Topic:

Richard Hill, Gordon A Wyse & Margaret Anderson – Animal Physiology

sub-topic 4: Respiration

2.4 Respiration – Mechanism of respiration. Transport and exchange of gases-neural control of respiration – Chemo-receptors-hypoxia respiration in birds.

Study Material for this Topic:

J Ruth Lawson – Anatomy and Physiology of Animals

sub-topic 5: Excretion

2.5 Excretion – Structure and function of kidney-formation of urine – methods of studying renal function – renal regulation of acid-base balance: physiological constituents of urine – renal failure – passive venous congestion. Urinary secretion in chicken – sweat glands and their function. Bio-chemical test for urinary dysfunction.

Study Material for this Topic:

J Ruth Lawson – Anatomy and Physiology of Animals

sub-topic 6: Endocrine glands

2.6 Endocrine glands – Functional disorders – their symptoms and diagnosis. Synthesis of hormones, mechanism and control of secretion – hormonal receptors – classification and function.

Study Material for this Topic:

Richard Hill, Gordon A Wyse & Margaret Anderson – Animal Physiology

sub-topic 7: Growth and Animal Production

2.7 Growth and Animal Production – Prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation and growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation, body composition, meat quality.

Study Material for this Topic:

SC Rastogi – Essentials of Animal Phsiology

sub-topic 8: Physiology of Milk Production, Reproduction and Digestion

2.8 Physiology of Milk Production, Reproduction and Digestion— Current status of hormonal control of mammary development, milk secretion and milk ejection. Male and Female reproductive organs, their components and functions. Digestive organs and their functions.

Study Material for this Topic:

J Ruth Lawson – Anatomy and Physiology of Animals

sub-topic 9: Environmental Physiology

2.9 Environmental Physiology—Physiological relations and their regulation; mechanisms of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanisms involved in animal behaviour, climatology—various parameters and their importance. Animal ecology. Physiology of behaviour. Effect of stress on health and production.

Study Material for this Topic:

SC Rastogi – Essentials of Animal Phsiology

topic 3: Animal Reproduction

ANIMAL REPRODUCTION consists of the following 1 sub-topic: 

sub-topic 1: Semen quality

3.1 Semen quality—Preservation and Artificial Insemination—Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen production and quality, preservation, composition of diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep freezing techniques in cows, sheep, goats, swine and poultry. Detection of oestrus and time of insemination for better conception. Anoestrus and repeat breeding.

Study Material for this Topic:

Anderson James – The Semen of Animals and Its Use for Artificial Insemination

Anton Marinus Sorensen – Animal Reproduction, Principles and Practices

VK Gupta & Anil K Verma – Perspectives in Animal Ecology and Reproduction (Volume 4)

Cupps Perry T – Reproduction in Domestic Animals

topic 4: Livestock Production and Management 

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT consists of the following 3 sub-topics:

Sub-topic 1: Commercial Dairy Farming

4.1 Commercial Dairy Farming—Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as specialized farming, economic dairy farming. Starting of a dairy farm, Capital and land requirement, organization of the dairy farm. Opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Heard recording, budgeting cost of milk production, pricing policy; Personnel Management. Developing Practical and Economic rations for dairy cattle; supply of greens throughout the year, feed and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm. Feeding regimes for young stock and bulls, heifers and breeding animals; new trends in feeding young and adult stock; Feeding records.

Study Material for this Topic:

Adam J Klaus – Dairy Farming: The Beautiful Way

James MacDonald, Eric O’Donoghue – Profits, Costs, and the Changing Structure of Dairy Farming

EIRI Board – Commercial Dairy Farming To Produce Milk With Project Profiles

EIRI Board – Dairy Farming For Milk Production Technology

Sub-topic 2: Commercial meat, egg and wool production

4.2 Commercial meat, egg and wool production— Development of practical and economic rations for sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Supply of greens, fodder, feeding regimes for young and mature stock. New trends in enhancing production and management. Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept.

Study Material for this Topic:

Sydenham George Hanson – Commercial Egg Farming From Practical Experiences Gained Over A Period Of Years

The Marketing of Poultry Products: A Collection of Articles on The Business Methods of the Poultry Keeper

Donald D Bell & William D Weaver Jr. (Editors) – Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production

Sub-topic 3: Feeding and management of animals under drought

4.3 Feeding and management of animals under drought, flood and other natural calamities.

Study Material for this Topic:

Rao P Venkateshwara – Principles of Dairy Management

TOPIC 5: Genetics and Animal Breeding

GENETICS AND ANIMAL BREEDING consists of the following 3 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: History of animal genetics

5.1 History of animal genetics. Mitosis and Meiosis : Mendelian inheritance; deviations to Mendelian genetics; Expression of genes; Linkage and crossing over; Sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters. Blood groups and polymorphism; Chromosome aberrations; Cytoplasmic inheritance. Gene and its structure; DNA as a generic material; Genetic code and protein synthesis; Recombinant DNA technology. Mutations, types of mutations, methods for detecting mutations and mutation rate. Transgenesis.

Study Material for this Topic:

Khan FH & Singh A – Principles of Genetics And Animal Breeding

International Livestock Research Institute – Animal Genetics Volume 19

SUB-TOPIC 2: Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding

5.2 Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding— Quantitative Vs. Qualitative traits; Hardy Weinberg Law; Population Vs. Individual; Gene and genotypic frequency; Forces changing gene frequency; Random drift and small populations; Theory of path coefficient; Inbreeding, methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient, systems of inbreeding; Effective population size; Breeding value, estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation; Partitioning of variation; Genotype X environment correlation and genotype X environment interaction; role of multiple measurements; Resemblance between relatives.

Study Material for this Topic:

Thiagrajan R – Principles of Animal Genetics and Population Genetics

SUB-TOPIC 3: Breeding Systems

5.3 Breeding Systems—Breeds of livestock and Poultry. Heritability, repeatability and genetic and phenotypic correlations, their methods of estimation and precision of estimates; Aids to selection and their relative merits; Individual, pedigree, family and within family selection; Pregnancy testing; Methods of selection; Construction of selection indices and their uses; Comparative evaluation of genetic gains through various selection methods; Indirect selection and correlated response; Inbreeding, out breeding, upgrading, cross-breeding and synthesis of breeds; Crossing of inbred lines for commercial production; Selection for general and specific combining ability; Breeding for threshold characters. Sire index.

Study Material for this Topic:

Sandhu GS – Analytic Genetics of Animal Development

FA Crew – Animal Genetics – The Science of Animal Breeding

Dominic Fasso – Textbook of Animal Genetics and Breeding

Extension 

SUB-TOPIC 1: Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension

6.1 Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension. Different Methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions. Generation of technology, its transfer and feedback. Problems and constraints in transfer of technology. Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.

Study Material for this Topic:

P Mathialagan – Textbook of Animal Husbandry Livestock Extension

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE: PAPER – II syllabus

Paper II of ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE consists of 5 topics:

TOPIC 1: Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene

ANATOMY, PHARMACOLOGY AND HYGINE consists of the following 6 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: Histology and Histological Techniques

1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques : Paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining—Freezing microtomy—Microscopy Bright field microscope and electron microscope. Cytology- structure of cell organells and inclusions; cell division-cell types—Tissues and their classification- embryonic and adult tissues—Comparative histology of organs—Vascular, Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo-skeletal and urogenital systems—Endocrine glands—Integuments—sense organs.

Study Material for this Topic:

Stoehr Philipp – Text Book Of Histology Including The Microscopic Technique

SUB-TOPIC 2: Embryology

1.2 Embryology—Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers-foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twins and twinning- organogenesis-germ layer derivatives-endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivatives.

Study Material for this Topic:

NN Majumdar – Textbook of Vertebrate Embryology

Shumway Waldo – Introduction to Vertebrate Embryology

SUB-TOPIC 3: Bovine Anatomy

1.3 Bovine AnatomyRegional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX— surface anatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, mandi- buloalveolar, mental and cornnal nerve block. Regional anatomy of paravertebral nerves, pudental nerve, median, ulnar and radial nervestibial, fibular and digital nerves—Cranial nerves-structures involved in epidural anaesthesia-superficial lymph nodes-surface anatomy of visceral organs of thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities-comparative-features of locomotor apparatus and their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body.

Study Material for this Topic:

GC Bannerjee – A Textbook of Animal Husbandry

Butler M – Animal Cell Culture & Technology

SUB-TOPIC 4: Anatomy of Fowl

1.4 Anatomy of Fowl—Musculo-skeletal system- functional anatomy in relation to respiration and flying, digestion and egg production.

Study Material for this Topic:

Benjamin Franklin Kaupp – Poultry Diseases With A Chapter On The Anatomy Of The Fowl

Kaupp Benjamin Franklin – Poultry Culture, Sanitation and Hygiene

SUB-TOPIC 5: Pharmacology and therapeutics drugs

1.5 Pharmacology and therapeutics drugs—Cellular level of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance. Drugs acting on Autonomic nervous system. Modern concepts of anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics. Autocoids. Antimicrobials and principles of chemotherapy in microbial infections. Use of hormones in therapeutics—chemotherapy of parasitic infections. Drug and economic concerns in the Edible tissues of animals—chemotherapy of Neoplastic diseases. Toxicity due to “insecticides, plants, metals, non-metals, zootoxins and mycotoxins”.

Study Material for this Topic:

Walter H Hsu – Handbook of Veterinary Pharmacology

Jim E Riviere, Mark G Papich – Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

James Brodie Gresswell – Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

SUB-TOPIC 6: Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation

1.6 Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation—Assessment of pollution of water, air and soil—Importance of climate in animal health— effect of environment on animal function and performance relationship between industrialisation and animal agriculture—animal housing requirements for specific categories of domestic animals viz. pregnant cows and sows, milking cows, broiler birds—stress, strain and productivity in relation to animal habitation.

Study Material for this Topic:

Linton Robert George – Veterinary Hygiene

TOPIC 2: Animal Diseases

ANIMAL DISEASES consists of the following 8 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: Etiology, epidemiology pathogenesis, symptoms, post-moretem lesions, diagnosis, and control of infectious diseases

2.1 Etiology, epidemiology pathogenesis, symptoms, post-moretem lesions, diagnosis, and control of infectious diseases of cattle, sheep and goat, horses, pigs and poultry.

Study Material for this Topic:

Thankam Mathew – Advances in Medical and Veterinary Virology, Immunology and Epidemiology Vol. 7: Tropical Viral Diseases of Large Domestic Animals Part I

SUB-TOPIC 2: Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of production diseases

2.2 Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of production diseases of cattle, horse, pig and poultry.

Study Material for this Topic:

Winslow Kenelm – The Prevention and Treatment of Diseases of the Domestic Animals Including Etiology and Symptoms

SUB-TOPIC 3: Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds

2.3 Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds.

Study Material for this Topic:

Oscar Victor Brumley – A Text-Book of the Diseases of the Small Domestic Animals

EJ Wortley – Poultry Diseases, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, With Notes on Post-Mortem Examinations

SUB-TOPIC 4: Diagnosis and treatment of non-specific conditions

2.4 Diagnosis and treatment of non-specific conditions like impaction, Bloat, Diarrhoea, Indigestion, dehydration, stroke, poisoning.

Study Material for this Topic:

CDN Singh – Advanced Pathology & Treatment of Diseases of Domestic Animals (With Special Reference to Etiology, Signs, Pathology and Management)

Nelson Slater Mayo – The Care Of Animals: A Book of Brief and Popular Advice on the Disease and Ailments of Farm Animals

SUB-TOPIC 5: Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders

2.5 Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.

SUB-TOPIC 6: Principles and methods of immunization of animals against specific diseases

2.6 Principles and methods of immunization of animals against specific diseases—hard immunity—disease free zones—‘zero’ disease concept— chemoprophylaxis.

Study Material for this Topic:

Vashishta VM – IAP Guidebook on Immunization 2013-14

Alfred J Plechner & Martin Zucker – Pets at Risk: From Allergies to Cancer, Remedies for an Unsuspected Epidemic

SUB-TOPIC 7: Anaesthesia

2.7 Anaesthesia—local, regional and general- prenesthetic medication. Symptoms and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation. Hernia, choking abomassal displacement—Caesarian operations. Rumenotomy—Castrations.

Study Material for this Topic:

Fredrick Thomas George – Anaesthesia & Narcosis of Animals and Birds

SUB-TOPIC 8: Disease investigation techniques

2.8 Disease investigation techniques—Materials for laboratory investigation—Establishment. Animal Health Centres—Disease free zone.

Study Material for this Topic:

Allan Roepstorff, Peter Nansen & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Swine (FAO Animal Health Manual)

Thrusfield Michael & Robert Christley – Veterinary Epidemiology

TOPIC 3: Veterinary Public Health 

VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH consists of the following 3 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: Zoonoses

3.1  Zoonoses—Classification, definition, role of animals and birds in prevalence and transmission of zoonotic diseases—occupational zoonotic diseases.

Study Material for this Topic:

Sudhi Ranjan Garg – Zoonoses: Bacterial Diseases

Sudhi Ranjan Garg – Zoonoses: Parasitic and Mycotic Diseases

SUB-TOPIC 2: Epidemiology

3.2  Epidemiology—Principle, definition of epidemiological terms, application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control. Epidemiological features of air, water and food borne infections. OIE regulation, WTO, sanitary and phytosanitary measures.

Study Material for this Topic:

Allan Roepstorff, Peter Nansen & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Swine (FAO Animal Health Manual)

AT Sherikar – Textbook of Elements of Veterinary Public Health

SUB-TOPIC 3: Veterinary Jurisprudence

3.3 Veterinary Jurisprudence—Rules and Regulations for improvement of animal quality and prevention of animal diseases—State and Central Rules for prevention of animal and animal product borne diseases—S.P. C.A.—Veterolegal cases— Certificates—Materials and Methods of collection of samples for veterolegal investigation.

Study Material for this Topic:

Kirti Dua – Veterinary Ethics and Jurisprudence

TOPIC 4: Milk and Milk Products Technology 

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY consists of the following 2 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: Market Milk

4.1 Market Milk—Quality, testing and grading of raw milk. Processing, packaging, storing, distribution, marketing defects and their control. Preparation of the following milks: Pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milks. Preparation of cultured milks, cultures and their management, yoghurt, Dahi, Lassi and Srikhand. Preparation of flavoured and sterilized milks. Legal standards. Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipment.

Study Material for this Topic:

Monrad, John Henry 1848 (From Old Catalog) –Pasteurisation and Milk Preservation, With a Chapter on Selling Milk

Harry Luman Russel – Pasteurization of Milk and Cream For Direct Consumption …

American Association of Medical Milk Commissions (From Old Catalog) – Methods and Standards for the Production and Distribution of “Certified Milk.”

Erf, Oscar – Standardization of Milk and Cream

Rajendra Kumar Pandey – Production, Processing and Marketing of Milk and Milk Products

SUB-TOPIC 2: Milk Products Technology

4.2  Milk Products Technology—Selection of raw materials, processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk products such as Cream, Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Channa, Cheese, condensed, evaporated, dried milk and baby food, lce cream and Kulfi; by-products, whey products, butter milk, lactose and casein. Testing, grading, judging milk products—BIS and Agmark specifications, legal standards, quality control nutritive properties. Packaging, processing and operational control. Costing of dairy products.

Study Material for this Topic:

Edgar Spreer – Milk and Dairy Product Technology (Food Science and Technology)

Jane Sutherland & Alan Varnam – Milk and Milk Products: Technology, Chemistry, and Microbiology

NIIR BOARD – Modern Technology of Milk Processing & Dairy Products

EIRI Board – Hand Book of Milk Processing, Dairy Products and Packaging Technology

Ashok Kumar Agarwal – Processing Technologies for Milk and Milk Products: Methods, Applications and Energy Usage

TOPIC 5: Meat Hygiene and Technology 

MEAT HYGIENE AND TECHNOLOGY consists of the following 5 sub-topics:

SUB-TOPIC 1: Meat Hygiene 

5.1 The sub-topic Meat Hygiene contains 2 sub-topics of its own:

  • Ante mortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and dressing operations
  • Hygienic methods of handling production of meat

5.1.1 Ante mortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and dressing operations; abattoir requirements and designs; Meat inspection procedures and judgement of carcass meat cuts— grading of carcass meat cuts—duties and functions of Veterinarians in wholesome meat production.

Study Material for this Topic:

Richard Heinrich Edelmann – TextBook of Meat Hygiene: With Special Consideration of Antemortem and Postmortem Inspection of Food-Producing Animals. Authorized Translation

5.1.2 Hygienic methods of handling production of meat— Spoilage of meat and control measures—Post- slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factors that influence them—Quality improvement methods—Adulteration of meat and detection— Regulatory provisions in Meat trade and Industry.

Study Material for this Topic:

Kavita Marwaha – Meat Hygiene

Mohammad Rashid & Rajesh Agarwal – Meat Hygiene and Food Safety

SUB-TOPIC 2: Meat Technology 

5.2 Meat Technology has 1 sub-topic:

  • Physical and chemical characteristics of meat

5.2.1 Physical and chemical characteristics of meat— Meat emulsions—Methods of preservation of meat—Curing, canning, irradiation, packaging of meat and meat products, processing and formulations.

Study Material for this Topic:

Lakshmi Prasanna Jakka – Meat Hygiene and Technology

VP Singh & Neelam Sachan – Principles of Meat Technology

NIIR Board – The Complete Book on Meat Processing And Preservation with Packaging Technology

SUB-TOPIC 3: By-products

5.3 By-products—Slaughter house by-products and their utilisation—Edible and inedible by products— Social and economic implications of proper utilisation of slaughter house by-products—Organ products for food and pharmaceuticals.

Study Material for this Topic:

Sutherland Jane P & Varnam Alan – Meat and Meat Products: Technology, Chemistry and Microbiology

SUB-TOPIC 4: Poultry Products Technology

5.4 Poultry Products Technology—Chemical composition and nutritive value of poultry meat, pre- slaughter care and management. Slaughtering techniques, inspection, preservation of poultry meat and products. Legal and BIS standards.

Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs. Microbial spoilage. Preservation and maintenance. Marketing of poultry meat, eggs and products.

Study Material for this Topic:

George J Mountney & 1 more – Poultry Products Technology

EIRI Board – Technology of Chicken Meat and Poultry Products

The Marketing of Poultry Products: A Collection of Articles on The Business Methods of the Poultry Keeper

Donald D Bell & William D Weaver Jr. (Editors) – Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production

SUB-TOPIC 5: Rabbit/Fur Animal farming

5.5 Rabbit/Fur Animal farming—Rabbit meat production. Disposal and utilization of fur and wool and recycling of waste by products. Grading of wool.

Study Material for this Topic:

Amalendu Chakrabarti, Subhasish Biswas & Arunasish Goswami – Rabbit Farming

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