IAS

We understand how daunting the IAS examinations can be and therefore, have tried to present the following information in an easy to understand manner.

In the following article we will take you step by step through the entire process so that you can understand what each stage of the process is composed of and how it can easily and successfully be negotiated.

The following information is presented in a question-answer format.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • IAS
  • EXAM DIFFICULTY
  • IAS EXAM
  • HOW TO PREPARE
  • IAS PRELIMS
  • IAS MAINS
  • LANGUAGES
  • CENTRES
  • AGE LIMIT
  • ATTEMPTS
  • HOW TO APPLY
  • RESERVATIONS
  • SPECIAL ABILITIES
  • GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
  • REQUIREMENTS
  • INTERVIEW PROCESS
  • IAS SELECTION
  • IAS OFFICERS
  • RESOURCES

 IAS

IAS QUERY: What does the acronym IAS stand for?   

A. The acronym IAS stands for ‘Indian Administrative Service’.

IAS QUERY: Which are the 24 Services for which the candidates are selected through the Civil Services Examination every year?

A. The 24 Services for which the candidates are selected are:

Group – A Services

(i) Indian Administrative Service.
(ii) Indian Foreign Service.
(iii) Indian Police Service.
(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.

(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).

(x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.

(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.

(xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
(xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
(xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’.

(xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”.

Group – B Services
(xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
(xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’.

(xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’.
(xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
(xxiv) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.

IAS QUERY: What is a Technical Service?

A. Those services are treated as Technical Services which require special medical status in terms of vision, height, chest, chest expansion etc.

IAS QUERY: Which are deemed as the Technical Services under the Civil Services Examination?

A. The Technical services under the Civil Services Examination are as follows.

i Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.

ii Railway Protection Force (RPF) Group A,

iii Indian Police Service, Gr. A,

iv Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service. Group ‘B’.

v Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’

vi Indian Ordinance Factories Service (IOFS) Group A.

IAS QUERY: Which are the Non-Technical services?

A The remaining 18 services for which selection is made through the Civil Services Examination are the Non-Technical Services.

ias DIFFICULTY

IAS QUERY: How many people apply to get into the IAS every year?

A. More than 10 lakh or 1 million people apply to the UPSC for taking the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS every year.

IAS QUERY: Of those who apply to the UPSC for getting into the IAS, how many drop out without appearing for the examination?

A. About half the people, i.e. about 5 lakh people, out of those who apply to the UPSC for getting into the IAS do not appear in the examination.

IAS QUERY: How many IAS officers are selected in a year?

A. Every year about 1000 – 1100 officers are selected for the various Civil Services. Out of them, about 180 are selected for the IAS and about 150 are selected for the IPS.

IAS QUERY: How difficult is it to get into the IAS and the Other Civil Services?

A. It is very difficult to make it to the IAS and the Other Civil Services. Only 1000-1100 candidates get selected for the Civil Services, out of more than 10 lakh candidates who apply to the UPSC. Out of the 1000-1100 candidates who are selected for the Civil Services, only about 180 candidates make it to the IAS.

IAS QUERY: Is the examination for getting selected to the IAS difficult?

A. The examination for getting selected for the Civil Services and the IAS is difficult only because of the huge competition that has to be faced. Less than 0.01% of those who apply make it through the Civil Services Examination and only about 0.001% make it to the IAS.

IAS QUERY: Is the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS the most difficult competitive examination in the world?

A. The Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS would easily rank among the most difficult competitive examinations in the world and it would easily eclipses any other competitive examination in terms of difficulty in India.

IAS QUERY: What are the chances for a candidate to pass the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. The chances for any candidate to pass the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS are as good as the chances of any other candidate aspiring for the IAS. It will ultimately depend on how seriously and purposefully the candidate studies for the examination. Please remember, you will not be able to clear the examination unless you make very extensive and intensive preparations for the examination.

IAS QUERY: On an average how many attempts are needed to clear the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. On an average, candidates take 3-4 attempts to clear the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: How many hours of study per day is necessary for clearing the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. You have to study over a very long period of time for clearing the examination for getting into the IAS. On an average, you will need to study for 10 to 12 hours for at least one and a half to two years to be able to do well.

IAS QUERY: Why do some people make it through the Civil Services Examination and many others do not?

A. Please remember, this is a competitive examination. Out of more than 10 lakh people who fill the form, at least 5 lakh people appear for the examination. Only about 1000 to 1100 out of them will get selected for the Civil Services. Out of these 1000-1100 people, only 180 make it to the IAS.  So, most people do not make it through the examination. Only those candidates will make it through who have put in the maximum effort in their studies.

IAS QUERY: What has been the male female ratio in the selections to the Civil Services in the last few years?

A. The male female ratio in the selections to the Civil Services in the last few years has been around 80:20 or 80% males and 20% females.

IAS EXAM

IAS QUERY: What is the schedule followed by the UPSC for holding the Civil Services Examination?

A. The specific dates on which the UPSC takes out various notifications connected with the Civil Services Examination vary from year to year. However, generally, the following schedule is maintained:

•The Notification for the examination is issued during the last week of January or the first week of February.

•Registration begins from the second or third week of February.

•The Preliminary Examination is held around the second week of June.

•The Main Written Examination is held around the last week of November or the first week of December.

•The Interview for Personality Test starts from the first week of February.

•The Results are declared in May-June.

IAS QUERY: In how many stages is the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS held?

A. The Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS is held in two successive stages:

i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and

ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

iii) The Written Examination is held first. Those candidates who are deemed by the UPSC to have qualified the Written Examination are called for the Interview for the Personality Test.

IAS QUERY: Do the candidates have to write the examination papers of the Civil Services for getting into the IAS in their own hand?

A. Yes. Candidates must write the examination papers in their own hand.

IAS QUERY: Are any marks deducted for handwriting that is not easily legible?

A.  If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible, some marks are likely to be deducted from the total marks otherwise accruing to him/her.

IAS QUERY: Is negative marking done for incorrect answers at the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. Yes. Negative marking is done for incorrect answers as detailed below:

i. For each question for which a wrong answer is given by a candidate, 1/3rd (0.33) of the marks assigned to the question will be deducted as penalty.

ii. If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer (even if one of the given answers happens to be correct) and the marks will be deducted.

iii. If a question is left blank, i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that question.

IAS QUERY: Is it likely that the evaluated performance of a candidate may suffer because the answer books in his/her case are evaluated by a ‘strict’ examiner, while another candidate may benefit as his/her answer books are evaluated by a ‘liberal’ examiner? 

A. The Paper Setter, who is always an eminent person in his field, normally acts as the Head Examiner. Wherever the number of candidates in a particular subject is very large, the UPSC appoints Additional Examiners for evaluation of the answer books. To achieve uniformity in evaluation, where more than one Examiner is involved, the UPSC arranges a meeting of the Head Examiner with the Additional Examiners after the Examination in that paper is over. During the meeting, they discuss thoroughly the question paper and the appropriate answers and decide upon the standard of evaluation.
To bring about further uniformity in the assessment done by the Additional Examiners, the following procedure is followed:

The Head Examiner conducts a sample survey of the answer books marked by each Additional Examiner to verify whether the uniform standards of evaluation evolved in the meeting of the Examiners have actually been followed. Depending on the standard adopted by the Additional Examiner, the Head Examiner may confirm the awards without any change, if the Examiner has correctly followed the standard decided upon, or may carry out upward/  downward moderation, as considered necessary, to ensure the maximum possible degree of uniformity in the evaluation process.
Therefore, the aspect of inter-examiner variation in standards of evaluation in a Paper affecting the performance of candidates is taken care of adequately by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: Which is the language / medium of question papers? 

 A. The question papers (other than the language papers) are set in Hindi and English.

IAS QUERY: THE MARKS SECURED IN WHICH PAPERS ARE COUNTED WHILE DECIDING THE RANK IN ORDER OF MERIT IN THE WRITTEN PART OF CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAMINATION TO DETERMINE WHO WILL BE CALLED FOR THE INTERVIEW FOR THE PERSONALITY TEST?

A. The marks obtained by the candidates in Papers I to VII only of the Civil Services Main (Written) Examination are counted for deciding the rank, in order of merit, to determine who will be called for the Interview for the Personality Test. Please remember, the rank, in order of merit, is awarded in the case of only those candidates who have obtained the specified minimum marks in the qualifying papers. However, the UPSC have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all of these papers 

IAS QUERY: How does the UPSC draw up the merit list of the candidates who have qualified for the Civil Services (Main) Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. In order to draw up a list of the candidates who have qualified for the Civil Services (Main) Examination for getting into the IAS, the UPSC first checks the marks obtained by the candidates in the General Studies Paper II. Only those candidates who have secured the minimum qualifying marks of 33% in the General Studies Paper II are eligible for being included in the merit list. The UPSC then looks at the marks secured by these candidates (who have qualified the General Studies Paper II) in the General Studies Paper I and prepares a merit list, in descending order, of the candidates who have qualified for the Civil Services (Main) Examination for getting into the IAS, with the name of the candidate who has secured the highest marks in the General Studies Paper I figuring at number one.

HOW TO PREPARE

IAS QUERY: How can I find out about what kind of questions are asked in the two papers of the Preliminary Examination?

A. You can easily get to know about this by ordering the Question Papers of the earlier years from the UPSC. You can do this by going to their site: upsc.gov.in.

Similarly, you can also order the Answer Keys for these questions from the same site of the UPSC.

Once you have both the question papers and the Answer Keys, please read them carefully so that you can understand what kind of questions are asked and how they are to be answered.

IAS QUERY: Is it possible to get hold of some Model Question Papers to practice before the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS? 

A. There are many sites on the Internet that can tell you how to obtain mock question papers for practice. You may or may not want to use them. However, you should certainly order the Model Question cum Answer Booklet from the UPSC so that you can practice answering the questions as you continue with your preparations. These are available at: upsc.gov.in.

IAS QUERY: How do you start your preparation for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. The Text Books prescribed by the NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) for the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Examination) are a good place to start your preparations for Paper I of the Preliminary Examination. These books are prescribed from Class 6 onwards in the schools that follow the CBSE pattern.

IAS QUERY: Why are these books considered good for preparing for the Preliminary Examination?

A. Scholars, who are experts in their respective fields, have written these books in a simple and lucid style. A close study of these books will not only increase your knowledge but also help to improve your comprehension and understanding of various aspects of the subjects that you are preparing.

IAS QUERY: How do you prepare for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. You should make notes of whatever you study so that you do not have to open the books again and again. As time passes, you could collect additional information on the subject and add that to your notes and thus make your notes even more comprehensive.

IAS QUERY: As my notes get ready for various topics, what else should I do?

A. You must make sure that you go through your notes or revise them regularly so that, over time, the information contained in them becomes a part of you and your knowledge becomes very thorough.

IAS QUERY: How do I prepare for Paper I, General Studies, of the Preliminary Examination?

A. If you look at the syllabus of Paper I, General Studies, you will notice that there are seven topics in this paper. You will have to prepare each topic systematically.

IAS QUERY: What does the first topic of general studies pertain to?

A. The first topic pertains to Current events of national and international importance.

IAS QUERY: This subject appears to be so vast, how can I prepare for it?

A. Preparing this topic is not as difficult as it looks. In order to prepare this topic in a meaningful manner you have to read at least one national newspaper from cover to cover every day.

IAS QUERY: Which newspaper should you read from cover to cover everyday? 

A. If you intend to read an English newspaper, then it should preferably be The Hindu. If you are unable to get The Hindu, then the Indian Express should be read. If you wish to read a Hindi newspaper, then you could read the Dainik Jagaran or the Dainik Bhaskar or the Amar Ujala.

IAS QUERY: In what manner should the newspaper be read?

A. You must read the newspaper from cover to cover and you must read it very carefully. You must especially focus on news reports connected with the polity, economy, science, environment, social issues, legal matters and sports. Since you do not know which news item may figure in the examination, you cannot ignore any news report, howsoever insignificant it may appear.

IAS QUERY: How should you approach the newspaper when you commence your preparation for the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. When you commence studying the current events for the Preliminary Examination, I would advise that even if you think you know something about the subject that you are reading about, you must try to forget that you know anything about it. Instead, you should take down extensive notes giving the impression that you are reading about the subject for the first time. As you start making your notes, you will gradually realize that you probably did not know the subject as thoroughly as you thought you did, because you will find nuances in the news report, which you had probably ignored earlier when you had read about the subject cursorily.

IAS QUERY: Sometimes news reports refer to related subjects to make a point, but they do not explain the related subject satisfactorily, which often leaves you confused. What should you do about this? 

A. If the news report that you are reading refers to a related subject to make a point, then you must immediately search for that subject on the Internet, read it carefully and add the information that you have collected to your notes. This will help you to understand the news report in its proper perspective.

IAS QUERY: What is the benefit of doing so much research?

A. When you research a topic, the information that you collect gets stored in your mind and stays there. You can retrieve it at a moment’s notice. This will prove very useful, both during your preparation as well as at the time of answering the questions during the examination.

IAS QUERY: What should I do once I have completed my notes from the newspaper for the day?

 A. Once you have completed your notes on the various subjects covered in the newspaper on that day, you must read the notes you have prepared once again. This will help you to retain in your memory what you have learnt that day.

IAS QUERY: How much time is a reading of the newspaper in this manner likely to take?

A. A thorough reading of the newspaper in this manner will consume at least four to five hours every day.

IAS QUERY: Is the time being spent on reading the newspaper not excessive? Will it not take away from the time that I need to spend on other topics?

A. Do not get disheartened by the time it will take to read the newspaper, because it is time well spent. If you persist with this method of reading the newspaper, you will notice, after the lapse of a couple of months, that not only has your knowledge of various topics improved and become more accurate, but even the range of your knowledge and your understanding of how various subjects are interconnected has also increased substantially. And as you continue with this method of reading the newspaper, you will also notice that very soon you will not have to rush to the internet to find out about various subjects as frequently as you had to do earlier, because the range and the depth of your knowledge would have increased manifold by then. Indeed, you will be able to hold your own in the event of any discussion on the subject, due to your having studied it so thoroughly.

IAS QUERY: Will I have to continue to devote so much time to reading the newspaper everyday till I appear for the Preliminary Examination?

A. No. As the days pass by and the range and the depth of your knowledge increases, you will also realize that the amount of time taken to read the newspaper thoroughly by you would also come down. This is due to the fact that by this time you would be able to understand the news reports in their proper perspective far more easily. This kind of dedicated work is called making solid preparation. It will pay you handsome dividends at the time of the examination.

IAS QUERY: What else will I need to read besides the newspaper to prepare for the examination?

A. Besides the newspaper, you must go through the issues of the magazines called KURUKSHETRA and YOJANA. These are government publications and they carry a lot of useful information. If you do not have the time to read both the magazines, then you must read at least one of them regularly. You must also make notes of whatever you feel is important in that issue of the magazine and add them to your overall notes on Current events of national and international importance.

IAS QUERY: Is there any other book that I must read for preparing for this topic? 

A. Apart from the newspaper and magazines like KURUKSHETRA and YOJANA, the ‘India Year Book’ brought out by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) every year is a ‘must read’ while preparing this topic as well as many other topics contained in Paper I.

IAS QUERY: Are there any sites on the Internet that should also be perused?

A. There are a number of sites on the Internet that will have to be perused on a regular basis.

The Press Information Bureau (PIB) maintains a website on the Internet. This website carries daily updates of the work done by various Ministries everyday.

There is another site called insightsonindia.com  It brings out a summary of all important news items of the day in the evening.

A site called PRS India brings out updates on legal matters.

All these sites carry important information on a daily/monthly basis and can be perused. You can make notes of whatever you feel is relevant. You can also download the information from some of them.

IAS QUERY: Are there any other sites that can be perused? 

A. There are numerous other sites on the Internet, which claim that for some financial consideration they can help you to prepare for the Civil Services Examination. Among other things that they offer, they also claim that they will provide a daily summary of the news reports carried by the various newspapers everyday. It is entirely up to you to decide whether you wish to avail of their offer or not. I have recommended sites where you are not required to spend any money, but you will get quality information.

IAS QUERY: If one studies as per the advice being given here, is it likely that one will do well at the Preliminary Examination?

A. If you read one national newspaper everyday, in the manner that I have suggested, go through the issue of either the KURUKSHETRA or YOJANA meticulously, read THE INDIA YEARBOOK, listen to the debates on the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha TV, read the Annual Issues and Special Issues of the magazine, ‘India Today’ and look at the information being provided by the internet sites that have been indicated above, you are likely to do very well in this topic in the Preliminary Examination.

Please remember, the information you collect by researching stays with you for life, because of the time and the effort you spend on collecting it.

IAS QUERY: Which is the second topic under General Studies? 

A. The second topic under General Studies pertains to the History of India and the Indian National Movement.

IAS QUERY: Which books should be studied to commence preparing for this topic?

A. The books prepared by the NCERT on Indian History are the best books to start your preparation for this topic.

IAS QUERY: What kind of information is available in these books?

A. As you go through these books, which are prescribed for the various classes, you will notice that very useful information is provided in these books. As the level of the class rises, so does the quantum and range of information. More information is added as you move to the History books prescribed for Classes IX, X, XI and XII. Besides, at the end of each chapter, additional books have been mentioned for students who wish to know more about a particular subject.

IAS QUERY: Will it be a good strategy to read the books that have been recommended at the end of each lesson to increase your knowledge? 

A. It may not be a good strategy to read all these books, because of the limited time available at your disposal.

IAS QUERY: Then what should be done to increase your knowledge of the topic? 

A. Instead of reading the books prescribed at the end of each chapter, you can select one book for each of the broad periods of Indian History viz. Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History for advanced study. You should also select one book each for the Indian National Movement and India Since Independence.

IAS QUERY: How can I know which book to select for increasing my knowledge further?

A. You can select these books after consulting your friends and teachers and study them thoroughly. Generally, people select the books by RS Sharma for Ancient India, Satish Chandra for Medieval India, Bipan Chandra for Modern India, Indian National Movement as well as for the period pertaining to India Since Independence. Some people also read Ram Chandra Guha’s ‘India After Gandhi’.

IAS QUERY: Is there any other book that I should read to have a thorough knowledge of this topic?

A. There is a book on Art and Culture prescribed for Class XI by the NCERT. It’s title is AN INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN ART. It is a very useful book as it deals with the subject quite comprehensively. It is a ‘must read’ for everyone.

Nitin Singhania’s book on Indian Art and Culture is also a very useful book.

IAS QUERY: What is the level of knowledge that the UPSC is looking for when it sets the question paper? 

A. Please remember, the level of knowledge that is expected of you while answering the papers set for the Preliminary Examination Paper I is at best of the B.A. (Graduate) level. You are not expected to have the knowledge of an M.A. or a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) on the subject. In the Preliminary Examination you have to attempt multiple-choice answers to questions. You are not required to write long, essay type answers. Therefore, very detailed studying of every aspect of the subject is really not required.

IAS QUERY: Which is the next topic in the paper on General Studies?

A. The next topic in the paper on General Studies is Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

IAS QUERY: Which books should be consulted first to commence my preparations for this topic?

A. Once again, the books prepared by the NCERT for school students are the best for your basic preparation. Please also remember, Geography must be studied with maps and an Atlas. These help to clarify many things.

IAS QUERY: Which Atlas should be used while studying Geography?

A. The Oxford Atlas and the Blackswan Atlas are quite useful. Either one of them can be selected while preparing for your paper.

IAS QUERY: Are there any other books that I should consult while preparing for this topic?

A. In addition to the books prepared by the NCERT and the Oxford or Blackswan Atlas, you can select a couple of books on Indian Geography and World Geography for getting a little more advanced information. These books can be selected after consulting your friends and your teachers. Some of the better known authors are Goh Cheng Leong, Simon Adams, Robert D Kaplan, Majid Hussain, Savinder Singh, DR Khullar etc. You will have to make a very thorough reading of the books that you select.

IAS QUERY: How thoroughly should the books be read?

A. You must read the books that you select very thoroughly. Please remember, quite often, the things that appear insignificant while you are reading the book find their way into the question paper. If you have not studied the book thoroughly, you will not be able to answer the question.

IAS QUERY: Why is it necessary to practice on the maps while studying geography?

A. It is very useful to practice marking the location of places and geographical features like important rivers, lakes, seas, mountain ranges etc. on blank outline maps of India and the World while preparing for the topic of Geography. This will help you to form a good idea about the location of places and features in your mind and will come in handy while answering the questions.

IAS QUERY: Which is the next topic in the paper on General Studies?

A. The next topic in the paper on General Studies is Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc.

IAS QUERY: What is this topic about?

A. As the topic itself suggests, this is about the Constitution of India.

IAS QUERY: Which books should be read while commencing preparation for this topic?

A. Apart from reading the books prescribed by the NCERT on Polity, the Constitution of India will also have to be read. You must keep a bare Act of the Constitution of India handy and read it as often as time permits.

IAS QUERY: Are there any other standard books that should be consulted?

A. One or two standard commentaries on the Constitution of India will also need to be referred to in order to understand various aspects of our Constitutional System. Durga Das Basu’s book on the Indian Constitution is the standard reference book. But it is a huge tome. If you have the time, you can take a look at it.  However, the abridged version “An Introduction to the Indian Constitution” by Durga Das Basu also makes excellent reading and must be consulted. There are other books too. Some of these have been written by authors like Subhash Kashyap, PM Bakshi etc.

IAS QUERY: If I do not have the time to read these books, then what should I do? 

A. If you feel that you do not have the time to read any of these books then there are a number of books written for candidates aspiring to appear for the Civil Services Examination. You could select one or two of them. Laxmikanth’s books on Polity and Governance are considered quite useful. Laxmikanth’s books are also available on PDF format on the Internet.

IAS QUERY: How will reading these books benefit me?

A. These books will help to clarify the Indian Constitution and the Political System that flows out of it. Things like the Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc. are all a part of the Constitution. Some of them were there right from the beginning when the Constitution was originally framed. Others were included over time through Constitutional Amendments. Going through these books will also help you to understand how Amendments to the Constitution of India can be made.

IAS QUERY: Which is the next topic in the paper on General Studies? 

A. The next topic in the paper on General Studies is Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives etc. 

IAS QUERY: What is broadly contained in this topic?

A. This topic deals with various issues connected with economic and social development.

India’s tryst with Destiny commenced on 15th August 1947, in the famous words of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. In 1947, more than 70% of the Indian population was desperately poor. Their lot had to be improved. The Central and the State Governments of the country have been working since 1947 to raise the people out of poverty through various poverty alleviation programmes. The outcome of these programmes has been a mixed bag. Some programmes did well. Others did not. However, the efforts of the Government in this direction have not flagged.

To study this topic you will have to go through the development programmes and welfare schemes that were launched by the Central and the State Governments from time to time.

IAS QUERY: Which books should I begin with to commence my preparations?

A. The books by NCERT dealing with the various subjects under this topic which have been prescribed for classes IX onwards, are a must read for this topic.

IAS QUERY: Which other books should I consult after I have gone through the books by NCERT?

A. Ramesh Singh’s book on the Indian Economy is a very useful book on this topic. It is available in the PDF format on the Internet.

IAS QUERY: What else must I read?

A. Candidates must also go through the Economic Survey that is brought out by the Ministry of Finance every year. It is in two volumes. The Economic Survey brought out by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India is an absolutely ‘must read’ for all candidates aspiring for the Civil Services Examination.

IAS QUERY: Apart from the Economic Survey, what else should I know for this topic?

A. You must also have some idea of the the Finance Commission appointed by the President of India under Article 280 of the Constitution of India. Among other things, the Finance Commission recommends how the resources collected by the Central Government are to be shared with the States.

You must also know something about The Annual Budget of the Government of India, especially the portion that contains the ratio of sharing of expenditure on Centrally Sponsored Schemes by the Central and the State Governments. You must also take a look at the ongoing Five Years Plan to get some idea of the major developmental schemes that are under execution in the country.

IAS QUERY: Apart from all this do I need to look at any other information?

A. There is a site that provides details of the Major Initiatives taken by the Prime Minister of India. It is a useful site for getting updates on the Initiatives taken by the Prime Minister of India. The site is called PM INDIA.

Candidates should look at it regularly to update their information.

Books like, “Textbooks for Sustainable Development – A Guide to Embedding” brought out by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation and the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development could also be consulted, if you have the time.

IAS QUERY: Which is the next topic in the paper on General Studies? 

A. The next topic is General issues on Environmental ecology. Bio-diversity and Climate Change. This is a critical sector and is very much in the news.

IAS QUERY: Which books should I consult to commence my preparations for this topic? 

A. The NCERT books on Science for Class XI and XII contain some chapters on Environment. These should be read, especially Unit 9 and 10 of the book on Biology for Class XII by NCERT.

Jairam Ramesh, the former Minister, has prepared a very useful note on Critically Endangered Species. This must be read.

IAS QUERY: Are there any publications of the Government of India that I should consult? 

A. The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, has carried out a number of surveys. These are the Tiger Survey, the Elephant Survey, the Survey of Biosphere Reserves, the Survey of National Parks, the Survey of Wetlands of India etc. These contain useful information about the status of all these subjects. They should be consulted. There is no need of making an in-depth study of these surveys, but the broad items of information contained in them are quite useful.

IAS QUERY: Is there any other publication of the Government of India that should be read? 

A. The Ministry of Environment and Forests brings out a Forest Survey every year. This contains detailed information about all items pertaining to the subjects that are looked after by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. If you can manage to read this book, it will provide very useful information. However, if you do not have the time to do so, then you must make an effort to at least go through the Introductory Chapter of the Forest Survey.

IAS QUERY: Is there any material on the Internet on this topic that should be consulted?

A. There is a plethora of material on Environment and Ecology on the Internet. There are scholarly articles on the subjects by numerous persons including L Schipper, M Pelling, WN Adger, EL Tomkins, K Kern, M Linder, KL O’Brien, Amdt Hampe, Kathy J Willis, CD Thomas etc. These could be consulted.

IAS QUERY: What else should I know about for this topic?

A. (1) The Paris Accord on Climate Change is a very critical subject. It was negotiated by representatives of 196 countries at Paris in December 2015. It is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with Greenhouse Gas Emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance, starting in the year 2020. As of 2018, 196 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 179 countries have become parties to it. It must be studied carefully. Please remember, the G20 countries are responsible for 74% of the global Greenhouse Gas emissions.

(2) The current stand of the United States of America vis a vis the Paris Accord is very important in the present context.

The world leaders meet frequently to discuss the issues connected with this subject and these are extensively covered in the press.

(3) The Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Government of India deals with India’s policy and approach on these issues. The literature published by them can prove very useful for appreciating India’s stand on these issues.

(4) Very useful information is also available in the publications on Environment brought out by Pearson and McGraw.

IAS QUERY: Which is the next topic in the paper on General Studies?

A. The next topic is General Science.

IAS QUERY: Which books should be consulted to commence my preparation for this topic?

A. The books prescribed by the NCERT for General Science for the CBSE will be very useful for understanding the basic principles and theories and must be studied carefully. All the General Science Books prescribed for Class 6 to Class 10 must be studied. In addition, the books on Biology, physics and Chemistry for Class 11 and Class 12 must also be studied.

IAS QUERY: Which book should I read to increase my knowledge in General Science? 

A. The book, “Science and Technology in India” by Ashok Singh is an excellent book and should be studied.

IAS QUERY: Is there anything else that I should read?

A. If you have the time, then you could probably supplement your knowledge by going through Lucent’s General Science too.

ias prelims

IAS QUERY: What is the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination? 

A. UPSC conducts the Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination (CSE) for recruitment to the IAS, IFS, IPS and other Central Services and posts. This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

IAS QUERY: How many papers have to be attempted at the stage of the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. The Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS consists of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) of 200 marks each and carries a maximum of 400 marks.

IAS QUERY: In which languages are the question papers in the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS set?

A. The question papers are set in both Hindi and English.

IAS QUERY: What is the duration of each question paper in the Preliminary Examination?

A. Each paper in the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS is of two hours duration.

IAS QUERY: Is some extra time permitted to candidates falling in the category of “Persons with Benchmark Disabilities”?

A. Candidates who are

i. Blind;

ii. Suffer from Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy, which slows down their writing performance by a minimum of 40%

are allowed an extra time of twenty minutes per hour for each paper.

IAS QUERY: Are candidates permitted the use of mobile phone, pager or any electronic equipment or programmable device like pen drive, smart watch, camera etc. or blue tooth devices during the examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. Candidates are prohibited from using any mobile phone (even in switched off mode), pager or any electronic equipment or programmable device or storage media like pen drive, smart watch etc. or camera or blue tooth devices during the examination.

IAS QUERY: Are the marks secured by a candidate at the Preliminary Examination counted for determining their final order of merit for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. No. The Preliminary Examination is meant to serve as a screening test only. The marks secured in the Preliminary Examination by a candidate, who is declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination, are not counted for determining the final order of merit.

IAS QUERY: How many candidates are admitted to the Main Examination for the Civil Services?

A. The number of candidates admitted to the Main Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS is usually about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.

IAS QUERY: Which candidates are permitted to appear for the Main Examination?

A. Only those candidates who are declared by the UPSC to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year are eligible for admission to the Main (Written) Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: What are the important points to be kept in mind for Paper I when attempting the Preliminary Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. The following points must be kept in mind when attempting Paper I of the Preliminary Examination:

i Paper I has a duration of two hours or 120 minutes.

ii You have to answer 100 questions in 120 minutes.

iii Each question carries 2 marks.

iv Negative marking is done for incorrect answers. If you give 1 incorrect answer, then you lose 1/3 or 0.33 marks out of the marks assigned to that question.

IAS QUERY: Please explain the implication of 100 questions to be answered in 120 minutes? 

A. If you have to reply 100 questions in 120 minutes, it means that you get a little more than 1 minute to answer each question. This means that you have to adhere to a very tight schedule of time management. This is possible only if you have carried out extensive practice during mock papers and are thoroughly familiar with the topics on which the questions are likely to be asked. So, attempt as many mock papers as is possible. The more you practice, the easier it will be for you at the time of the Preliminary Examination.

IAS QUERY: Will I get time to revise my answer sheet for Paper I?

A. Please remember, you are not likely to find time to revise your answer sheet. You may also not find time to attempt a question that you may have left out. Therefore, try to answer each question as it appears, in the sequence in which it has been set in the question paper.

IAS QUERY: What will happen if I do not know the answers to some questions?

A. It is possible that you may not know the answers to all the questions. Please do not get daunted by this. If you get even 60% of the answers correct, and do not try guesswork for the answers to the questions you are not sure about, there is no reason why your name should not figure in the list of candidates who are permitted by the UPSC to appear in the Main Examination.

IAS QUERY: What kind of impact can negative marking have on the marks that I score in Paper I?

A. Negative marking can bring down the total marks secured by you and may even lead to your not clearing the Preliminary Examination. This obviously means that you cannot write answers on the basis of guess work as it may lead to a severe penalty in the form of deduction of the marks secured by you.

IAS QUERY: What is the general studies Paper II of the Preliminary Examination?

A. Paper II of the Preliminary Examination is also called CSAT or the Civil Services Aptitude Test or simply the Aptitude Test.

IAS QUERY: What is special about General Studies Paper II?

A. The General Studies Paper II is a qualifying paper. This means that the candidates must obtain the minimum qualifying marks or Pass Marks in this paper. The minimum qualifying marks or Pass Marks have been fixed at 33% by the UPSC. The marks secured in this paper are not counted for deciding the rank in order of merit of those  candidates who are deemed to have cleared the Preliminary Examination. That is done only on the basis of the marks secured by the candidate in the General Studies Paper I. However, if a candidate fails to secure at least 33% marks in this paper, he/she is deemed to have failed in the Preliminary Examination.

IAS QUERY: What does this paper test?

A. This paper tests a candidate’s

•Comprehension;

•Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

•Logical reasoning and analytical ability;

•Decision making and problem solving;

•General mental ability;

•Basic Numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) [Class X level];

•Data Interpretation (Charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).

IAS QUERY: Broadly speaking what does this paper intend to test in the candidate?

A. Basically, this paper has been included to test whether a candidate who is aspiring for the Civil Services possesses the minimum pre-requisites that are required to be present in an All India Services Officer. All these qualities are very important in the performance of day to day work by the officer. Absence of these qualities will adversely affect the ability of the officers to perform their duties. That is why candidates who do not obtain the minimum marks of 33% in this paper are deemed to have not passed the Preliminary Examination.

IAS QUERY: Are there any books available which can help a candidate to hone these abilities?

A. Answering the questions in Paper II depends primarily on the attributes that are already present in the candidate. However, there are a few books that may help you to hone your abilities further. Two books can be considered. The first is “Analytical Reasoning” by MK Pandey. The second book is “Verbal and non-verbal reasoning” by RS Aggarwal.

IAS QUERY: Are there any other books that can be considered for studying for this paper?

A. Arihant Publications has also brought out a book titled “Cracking The CSAT Paper 2”. A careful and close reading of this book is also likely to help you to sharpen your abilities further and may prove useful in preparing for Paper II.

The “15 Test Papers” published by Arihant for Paper II are also extremely important. They will help you to practice how to answer the questions that are likely to be asked during the examination.

IAS QUERY: What are the important points that must be kept in mind for Paper II?

A. The following points must be kept in mind about Paper II:

i Paper II is of two hours or 120 minutes duration.

ii 80 questions have to be answered in 120 minutes.

iii Each question carries 2.5 marks.

iv There is negative marking in this paper too. For each incorrect answer 1/3 or 33% of the marks assigned for that question will be deducted.

IAS QUERY: Please explain the implication of 80 questions to be answered in 120 minutes? 

A. If you have to reply 80 questions in 120 minutes, it means that you get a little more than 1.5 minutes to answer each question. The questions in this paper are trickier than the questions in Paper I. You will have to think deeply. This means that you have to adhere to a very tight schedule of time management. This is possible only if you have carried out extensive practice during mock papers. So, attempt as many mock papers as is possible. The more you practice, the easier it will be for you at the time of the Preliminary Examination.

IAS QUERY: Will I get time to revise my answer sheet for Paper II?

A. Please remember, you are not likely to find time to revise your answer sheet. You may also not find time to attempt a question that you may have left out. Therefore, try to answer each question as it appears, in the sequence in which it has been set in the question paper.

IAS QUERY: What kind of impact can negative marking have on the marks that I may score in Paper II?

A. Negative marking can bring down the total marks a candidate may have secured substantially. And if it results in the candidate securing less than 33% marks in this paper, then, irrespective of how the candidate may have fared in Paper I of the Preliminary Examination, he/she will be deemed to have not passed the Preliminary Examination and will not be permitted to appear in the Main Examination. This obviously means that you cannot write answers on the basis of guess work as it may lead to a severe penalty in the form of deduction of the marks secured by you.

IAS QUERY: What will happen if I do not know the answers to some questions?

A. In Paper II there will be very few questions where the correct answers will be obvious, since it is supposed to test the various faculties that you are already possessed of. Therefore, please do not get daunted by this. Do not try guesswork for the answers to the questions you are not sure about. You will have to use your mental ability to answer the questions. So, there is no reason why you should not be able to answer the questions correctly. Also, please remember, you are only supposed to obtain 33% marks in this paper and the marks secured in this paper will not be added to the marks of Paper I to determine your merit. Just practice hard and answer the paper with confidence. There is no reason why your name should not figure in the list of candidates who are permitted by the UPSC to appear in the Main Examination.

IAS QUERY: Are the marks sheets of the Preliminary Examination supplied to the candidates?

A. As the Preliminary Examination is only a screening test, no marks sheets are supplied to successful or unsuccessful candidates and the UPSC does not entertain any request in this regard.

ias MAINs

IAS QUERY: Which candidates are eligible to appear for the Main examination?

A. Only those candidates who are declared by the UPSC to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible to appear in the Main Examination of that year, provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination

IAS QUERY: Are fresh Admit Cards issued to the candidates who have qualified for the Main Written Examination? 

A. Yes. Fresh Admit Cards are issued by the UPSC to the candidates who have qualified for the Main Written Examination, after they have filled up the prescribed form online. This is usually done about three weeks prior to the holding of the examination.

IAS QUERY: Do candidates who are declared by the UPSC to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination have to fill up an Application form again?

A. Yes. Candidates who are declared by the UPSC to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination have to apply online once again, in the Detailed Application Form, which is made available to them.

IAS QUERY: How can I obtain the Detailed Application Form for Civil Services Main Examination?

A. The detailed Application form will be available only for those candidates who have qualified the Civil Services Preliminary Examination. This form is available online from the UPSC website.

IAS QUERY: Will a candidate be required to pay the fee for the Main Written Examination also?

A. Yes. A Fee of Rs. 200/- will have to be paid again by male candidates belonging to the General Category and the OBC category for the Main Written Examination.

IAS QUERY: Which categories of candidates are exempted from paying any fee for the Civil Services Main Examination?

A. All female candidates and candidates belonging to the SC/ST/Persons with Benchmark Disabilities categories are exempted from paying the fee.

IAS QUERY: Is the Application Form for the Main Written Examination quite long?

A. The Detailed Application Form has two parts. Each part must be filled out carefully. Candidates are required to give in this form, among other things, their preference for the Service they wish to join and the cadre that they would prefer to go to. There is also a section where candidates are asked about their hobbies and interests. The form must be filled carefully because it is possible that at the time of the Interview for the Personality Test, the Board may ask you questions from the information provided by the candidate in the Application Form.

IAS QUERY: Can candidates change their Service priority and Cadre preference after they have filled up and submitted their Application form?

A. No. Candidates are not permitted to change their Service priority and Cadre preference for the IAS and the IPS after they have submitted their Application Form.

IAS QUERY: What does the Main Examination for the Civil Services consist of?

A. The Main Examination consists of a Written examination and an Interview. The Written examination consists of 9 papers of conventional essay type in different subjects, out of which two papers are of ‘qualifying in nature’.

IAS QUERY: What does ‘Qualifying in nature’ mean in the context of the Main Examination?

A. ‘Qualifying in nature’ in the context of the Main (Written) Examination means that for two papers (out of nine), a candidate only needs to secure the qualifying marks or pass marks to be able to move forward. The qualifying marks have been fixed at 25% by the UPSC for these two papers (Indian Language and English).These marks, however, will not be added to a candidate’s overall tally in the other papers. If, however, a candidate fails to secure the qualifying marks or the pass marks in these two papers, he/she will not qualify to proceed further, no matter how many marks he/she may have scored in the other seven papers.

IAS QUERY: What is the standard of the papers on the Indian Language and English at the Main Examination?

A. The papers on Indian Language (Paper A and Paper B) and English (Paper A and Paper B) are of Matriculation and equivalent standard. The marks obtained in these papers are not counted for ranking a candidate.

IAS QUERY: The marks obtained in which papers in the Main Examination are counted for determining the merit for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. The marks obtained by a candidate in Paper-I to Paper VII of the Main (Written) Examination only are counted for determining the merit for the Civil Services Examination.

IAS QUERY: How does the final merit get determined?

A. The final merit is determined by adding up the marks obtained in all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VII) of the Main (Written) Examination and the Marks obtained in the Interview for Personality Test.

IAS QUERY: Please list out the papers that have to be answered during the Main Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. The Written Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS consists of the following papers:

2 Qualifying Papers and 7 Papers to be counted for merit.

The Two Qualifying papers are Paper A and Paper B.

Paper A is an Indian Language Paper and comprises 300 Marks 

 (A candidate can select a language he feels comfortable in, from the list of languages included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution).

Paper B is a paper on the English language. This paper also comprises 300 marks.

In Summary:

PAPER A: INDIAN LANGUAGE [300 Marks]

PAPER B: ENGLISH [300 Marks]

Then there are 7 papers to be counted for merit.

Papers to be counted for merit:

Paper I 

Essay

250 marks
Paper II 

General Studies 1

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

250 marks
Paper III 

General Studies 2

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

250 marks
Paper IV

General Studies 3

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

250 marks
Paper V

General Studies 4

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

250 marks
Paper VI

Optional Paper 1

250 marks
Paper VII

Optional Paper 2

250 marks

Sub Total (Written test)         1750 Marks

Personality Test                      275 Marks

Grand Total                           2025 Marks

 

IAS QUERY: What is the difficulty level of the Paper on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and Paper B)?

A. The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and Paper B) are of Matriculation or equivalent standard. These papers are, however, of a ‘qualifying nature’ or in other words candidates have to secure the minimum pass marks in them. The UPSC has fixed 25% as the qualifying marks or pass marks for these papers. The marks obtained in these papers are not counted for determining the rank in order of merit of the candidates.

IAS QUERY: Which languages are included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution?

A. As of now, the following languages are included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution:

Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Dogri, Maithilli, Santhali. 

IAS QUERY: How many optional subjects can a candidate choose?

A. A candidate can choose only one optional subject. It will have two papers, Optional Subject Paper I and Optional Subject Paper II.

IAS QUERY: Which are the most popular subjects for the IAS Mains Optional Subject paper?

A. The most popular subjects for the IAS Mains Optional Subjects are Geography, History, Public Administration and Sociology. Next come Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology and Economics.

IAS QUERY: Which Optional Subject should one take in the Main Written Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. You should not select a subject only because it appears to be popular with most candidates. You must remember that you are competing with lakhs of other candidates. Unless you do better than them in the examination, you are not likely to get selected. Your choice should be guided by the criterion of what you think will increase your chances of doing well in the examination. Generally, you do well in a subject that you are comfortable with. This is usually a subject that you may have studied in College or the University. The requisite books and other study material are also available for these subjects. Qualified faculty is also available for these subjects. They can be consulted in case of necessity. So, your choice should be guided by which subject you feel most comfortable in.

IAS QUERY: Please list out the subjects out of which the optional subjects can be chosen?

A. The list of optional subjects for the Main Examination is given below:

(i) Agriculture

(ii)  Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii)  Anthropology

(iv)  Botany

(v)  Chemistry

(vi)  Civil Engineering

(vii)  Commerce and Accountancy

(viii)  Economics

(ix)  Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

IAS QUERY: What is the duration of each paper in the Main Written Examination?

A. Each paper in the Main Written Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS is of three hours duration.

IAS QUERY: Is it, compulsory for a candidate to take the same optional subject in the Main Exam, which he had in the Under Graduate/Post Graduate level? 

A. No.

IAS QUERY: If the overall marks of two or more candidates are equal, how is the relative merit between such candidates decided? 

A. The ‘Tie-Breaking’ principles are applied to decide the inter se merit among candidates having the same overall marks. It works as follows:

i. A candidate securing more marks in the Compulsory Papers and the Personality Test put together is to be ranked higher;

ii. In a case where the marks mentioned at (i) above are equal, the candidate senior in age is to be ranked higher; and

iii. In a case where the marks mentioned at (i) are equal and the condition mentioned at (ii) is also equal, the candidate who has secured higher marks in the Compulsory Papers is to be ranked higher.

IAS QUERY: What precautions should be taken while going to the Examination Hall for appearing for the Main (Written) Examination?

A. The following precautions should be taken while going to the Examination Hall:

•Please remember to carry the e-Admit Card to the Examination Hall.

•Please carry the e-Admit Card in each session to secure admission to the Examination Hall.

•The e-Admit Card should be preserved till the declaration of the final result.

•Please enter the Examination Hall at least 20 minutes before the scheduled time for the commencement of the examination.

•Please remember, you will not be admitted to the examination hall, if you reach 10 minutes after the scheduled time for commencement of the examination.

•You are permitted to use Scientific (Non-Programmable type) Calculators in the examination. However, you are not permitted to use Programmable type calculators in this examination.

•Mobile Phones and other Electronics/Communication devices are prohibited in the examination hall.

•The candidates must answer all parts and sub-parts of a question, in the space provided, in the Question Cum Answer (QCA) booklet, under each question/ part in the QCA booklet.

•Candidates should ensure that spaces/pages remaining blank are clearly crossed out before the QCA booklets are handed over to the invigilators.

•Candidates should not bring any valuable/ costly items to the examination hall, as their safekeeping cannot be assured by the UPSC.

LANGUAGEs

IAS QUERY: In which language are the question papers of the Main Written Examination set?

A. The question papers for the Main Written Examination for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS (other than the language papers) are set in Hindi and English only.

IAS QUERY: In which language can the candidates answer the Question Papers?

A. Candidates have the option to answer all the Question Papers, except the Qualifying Language Papers, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English.

IAS QUERY: Which languages are included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution?

A. As of now, the following languages are included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution:

Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Dogri, Maithilli, Santhali.

IAS QUERY: In which scripts are the questions to the Language papers to be answered?

A. The Language papers are to be answered in the following scripts:

LANGUAGE SCRIPT
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devnagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devnagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devnagari
Nepali Devnagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurumukhi
Sanskrit Devnagari
Sindhi Devnagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devnagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithili Devanagari
Santhali Devnagari or Olchiki

 

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate write different papers of Civil Service (Main) Examination in different languages? 

A. No, the candidates have the option to write their answers either in English or in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. They have to indicate the language in which they will write their answers at the time of filling up the Detailed Application Form for the Civil Services (Preliminary)  Main Examination. However, as far as the Qualifying language papers are concerned, candidates have to write their answers to the questions in the Qualifying language papers in that language only.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate write the Civil Service (Main) Examination in English and take the interview in Hindi or any other Indian language? 

A. The candidates, opting for Indian Language medium for the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination may choose either the same Indian Language or English or Hindi as the medium for the interview.

The candidates who opt to write the Civil Services (Main) Examination in English may choose either English, or Hindi, or any other Indian Language which they may have opted for as the Compulsory Indian Language Paper in the Main (Written) Examination, as the medium in which the interview may be conducted. The candidate has to indicate the language in which he/she may like the interview to be conducted in the Detailed Application Form which is to be filled up for the Main (Written) Examination.

However, the candidates, who are exempted from the compulsory Indian Language Paper, will have to choose either English or Hindi as medium of Interview of Personality Test.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate write different papers of Civil Service (Main) Examination in different languages? 

A. No. The candidates have to indicate their choice of the language at the time of filling up the Detailed Application Form. However, as far as the Qualifying language papers are concerned, candidates have to write their answers to the questions in the Qualifying language papers in that language only.

IAS QUERY: Is the paper A on Indian Language compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim?

A. The paper A on Indian Language is not, as of now, compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.

IAS QUERY: Is the paper A on Indian Language compulsory for Candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability (only Hearing Impairment sub-category)? 

A. The paper A on Indian Language is not, as of now, compulsory for Candidates belonging to Persons with Benchmark Disability (only Hearing Impairment sub-category) provided that they have been granted such exemption by the concerned education Board/University.

IAS QUERY: Is the Indian language Paper compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim? 

A. The paper on Indian Language (Paper A) is not compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim. This is made clear in the Online Application Form. In the Online Application, if a candidate hails from these North‐Eastern States, the option for Indian Language will automatically be disabled.

 

CENTRES

IAS QUERY: In how many centres in the country does the UPSC hold the Civil Services Preliminary Examination for selection to the IAS?

A. As of now, the Civil Services Preliminary Examination is held at 72 centres all over the country.

IAS QUERY: Please list out the names of the centres where the Civil Services Preliminary Examination for selection to the IAS are held?

A. As of now the Civil Services Preliminary Examination is held at the following centres:

AGARTALA GHAZIABAD GAUTAM BUDDH NAGAR
AGRA GORAKHPUR PANAJI (GOA)
AJMER GURGAON PATNA
AHMEDABAD GWALIOR PORT BLAIR
AIZAWL HYDERABAD PUDUCHERRY
ALIGARH IMPHAL PUNE
ALLAHABAD INDORE RAIPUR
ANANTPUR (ANDHRA PRADESH) ITANAGAR RAJKOT
AURANGABAD JABALPUR RANCHI
BANGALORE JAIPUR SAMBALPUR
BAREILLY JAMMU SHILLONG
BHOPAL JODHPUR SHIMLA
BILASPUR JORHAT SILIGUDI
CHANDIGARH KOCHI SRINAGAR
CHENNAI KOHIMA THANE
COIMBATORE KOLKATA THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
CUTTACK KOZHIKODE TIRUCHIRAPALLI
(CALICUT)
DEHRADUN LUCKNOW TIRUPATI
DELHI LUDHIANA UDAIPUR
DHARWAD MADURAI VARANASI
DISPUR MUMBAI VELLORE
FARIDABAD MYSORE VIJAYAVADA
GANGTOK NAGPUR VISHAKHAPATNAM
GAYA NAVI MUMBAI WARANGAL

 

IAS QUERY: Where are the Civil Services Mains Examination for getting into the IAS held?

A. As of now, the Civil Services Mains Examination for getting into the IAS are held at the following 24 Centres all over the country:

AHMEDABAD DEHRADUN MUMBAI
AIZAWL DELHI PATNA
ALLAHABAD DISPUR (GUWAHATI) RAIPUR
BANGALURU HYDERABAD RANCHI
BHOPAL JAIPUR SHILLONG
CHANDIGARH JAMMU SHIMLA
CHENNAI KOLKATA THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
CUTTACK LUCKNOW VIJAYAWADA

 

IAS QUERY: Is there a ceiling on the number of candidates who can be allotted a centre for appearing in the CSE for getting into the IAS?

A. There is an upper ceiling on the number of candidates who can be allotted to each of the Centres for appearing in the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS.

There is, however, no ceiling on the number of candidates who can be allotted the Centres at Chennai, Dispur, Kolkata and Nagpur.

IAS QUERY: What is the procedure for allotment of a Centre for the CSE for getting into the IAS?

A. The allotment of Centres for the Civil Services Examination for the IAS is done on a “first-apply-first allot” basis. Once the capacity of a particular Centre is attained, it is frozen.

IAS QUERY: What can a candidate who does not get a Centre of his/her choice do?

A. A candidate who does not get a Centre of his/her choice due to the ceiling will be required to choose a Centre from the remaining ones.

IAS QUERY: What should a candidate do to get the Centre of his/her choice for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. A candidate who wants to get a Centre of his/her choice for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS should apply early, because the Centres are allotted on “first-apply-first allot” basis.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate ask for a change of his/her Centre for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS after it has been allotted?

A. Once a Centre has been allotted for appearing in the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS, the UPSC does not entertain any request for a change of Centre.

AGE LIMIT

IAS QUERY: What is the age limit for taking the IAS examination?

A. The minimum age for appearing in the IAS examination is 21 years. The maximum age for appearing in the IAS examination is 32 years.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the upper age available to SC/ST candidates trying for the IAS?

A. The upper age of candidates belonging to the SC/ST category who are trying for the IAS is relaxable by a maximum of 5 years.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the upper age available to OBC candidates trying for the IAS?

A. The upper age of candidates belonging to the OBC category who are trying for the IAS is relaxable by a maximum of 3 years.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the upper age available to Defence Services Personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof for getting into the IAS?

A. The upper age of candidates who belonged to the Defence Services and were disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and were released as a consequence thereof are relaxable up to a maximum of 3 years for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the upper age available to ex- Defence Personnel trying for the IAS?

A. The upper age of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers, ECOs/SSOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service and have been released and are trying for the IAS is relaxable up to a maximum of 5 years.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the upper age available in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service and whose service has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a Certificate that they can apply for civil employment, including the IAS, and they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment?

A. In these cases the upper age is relaxable up to a maximum of 5 years.

IAS QUERY: Is there any age relaxation available for a candidate who falls in the category of “Persons with Benchmark Disability” and who is trying for the IAS?

A. The upper age of a candidate falling in the category of “Persons with Benchmark Disability” is relaxable up to a maximum of 10 years.

ATTEMPTS

IAS QUERY: How many times can a candidate attempt the IAS and the Civil Services examination?

A. Every candidate is permitted six attempts at the IAS and the Civil Services examination, if he/she is otherwise eligible.

IAS QUERY: Is any relaxation in the number of attempts available to a candidate belonging to the SC/ST category who is trying for the IAS? 

A. There is no limit on the number of attempts permitted to a candidate belonging to SC/ST category who is trying for the IAS and the Civil Services if he/she is otherwise eligible.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the number of attempts available to a candidate belonging to the OBC category who is trying for the IAS?

A. A candidates belonging to the OBC category who is trying for the IAS and the Civil Services is permitted nine attempts at the examination, if he/she is otherwise eligible.

IAS QUERY: Is there any relaxation in the number of attempts available to a candidate falling in the category of “Persons with Benchmark Disability” who is trying for the IAS?

A. A candidate falling in the category of “Persons with Benchmark Disability”, who is trying for the IAS and the Civil Services, is permitted the following number of attempts if he/she is otherwise eligible:

i) General Category – 9 attempts.

ii) OBC Category – 12 attempts

iii) SC/ST Category – No limit on the number of attempts.

IAS QUERY: Show in a tabular form the age limits, the no. of attempts allowed for candidates trying for the Civil Services Examination?

A. The information is given below:

AGE LIMIT/NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS TABLE

CATEGORY AGE LIMIT NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS
General Category Upper age limit is 32

years

Number of attempts allowed is 6
OBC Category Upper age limit is 35

years.

Number of attempts allowed is 9
SC/ST Category Upper age limit is 37

years

Number of attempts allowed is unlimited
Physically Handicapped Category

Physically Handicapped Category

Upper age limit for General Category Candidates is  42 years

For OBC Category candidates it is  45 years

For SC/ST Category candidates it is  47 years

Number of attempts allowed is 9

Number of attempts allowed is 12

Number of attempts allowed is unlimited

Ex Servicemen Category Upper age limit for General Category candidates is 37 years

Upper age limit for OBC Category is  40 years

Upper age limit for SC/ST Category is  42 years

Number of attempts allowed is 6

Number of attempts allowed is 9

Number of attempts allowed is unlimited

Disabled Defence

Services Persons

Category

Upper age limit for General Category is 35 years

Upper age limit for OBC Category is 38 years

Upper age limit for SC/ST Category is  40 years

Number of attempts allowed is 9

Number of attempts allowed is 12

Number of attempts allowed is unlimited

 

IAS QUERY: What does the phrase, “an attempt at the Civil Services Examination”, mean?

A. An attempt at a Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination is deemed to be “an attempt at the Civil Services Examination”.

IAS QUERY: If a candidate appears in only one paper of the Preliminary Examination, will it be counted as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. Yes. Even if a candidate appears in only one paper of the Preliminary Examination, it will be counted as one attempt at the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: If a candidate is disqualified or his/her candidature is cancelled, will it count as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. Even if a candidate is disqualified or his/her candidature is cancelled, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as one attempt at the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: Is an attempt at the (Preliminary) Examination counted as an attempt at the Civil Service Examination (CSE)? 

A. (i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be taken as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination. 

(ii) If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, it shall be taken as an attempt at the Examination. 

(iii) Even in the case of disqualification/ cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt. 

IAS QUERY: If a candidate has applied for the Preliminary Examination but has not appeared at any paper in that Examination, will it be counted as an attempt at the Civil Services? 

A. No. An attempt is counted only if a candidate has appeared in at least one paper in Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.

THE APPLICATION PROCESS

IAS QUERY: Where do you apply for appearing in the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. Candidates have to apply to the UPSC for appearing in the IAS examination. Candidates have to apply online by using the website upsconline. Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on this website.

IAS QUERY: How much time is given to candidates for applying online?

A. Candidates get three weeks to one month to apply online. They can fill up the online application by following the instructions provided on the website for filling up online applications.

IAS QUERY: What happens after a candidate applies online to the UPSC?

A. The eligible candidates are usually issued an e-Admit Card three to four weeks before the commencement of the examination.

IAS QUERY: From where can a candidate obtain the e-Admit Card?

A. The e-Admit Card is made available on the UPSC website for downloading by candidates.

IAS QUERY: Is the Admit Card also sent by post?

A. No. The Admit Card is not sent by post. It must be downloaded.

IAS QUERY: How much fee has to be paid by a male candidate to become eligible to appear in the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS?

A. A male candidate belonging to the General Category or the OBC category is required to pay a fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred only) to become eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination to get into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: How much fee has to be paid by a female candidate or a candidate belonging to SC/ST/Persons with Benchmark Disability to become eligible to appear in the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS?

A. All female candidates and candidates belonging to the SC/ ST/ Persons with Benchmark Disability are exempted from payment of fee.

IAS QUERY: Will the fee of a candidate who has already paid the fee but does not wish to take the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS, be refunded?

A. No. The fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.

IAS QUERY: Is a candidate who is admitted to the Main Examination for the IAS required to pay a further fee?

A. Yes. A candidate who is admitted to the Main (Written) Examination will be required to pay a further fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two Hundred only).

IAS QUERY: Is it necessary to submit a hard copy of the Detailed Application Form (DAF) to the UPSC also?

A. No. The Detailed Application Form has to be submitted to the UPSC through the online mode only. All the documents that have to be submitted have also to be scanned and uploaded along with the Detailed Application Form.

IAS QUERY: What should a candidate do if he/she encounters some difficulty while filling out the Detailed Application Form (DAF)?

A. If the difficulty pertains to a Technical matter, an email should be sent to: web-upsc@nic.in

In case a clarification is required for an Application related query, an email should be sent to: csm-upsc@nic.in 

You can also call up the UPSC on the following phone number in case you need any assistance in filling the form: 011-23385271.

IAS QUERY: Which Certificates and Documents have to be filed along with the Detailed Application Form (DAF)?

A. The following Certificates and Documents have to be filed along with the Detailed Application Form:

i. Scanned copy of the Certificate of age.

ii. Scanned copy of Certificate(s) of educational qualification (including a copy of the recognition letter/equivalence certificate from AIU/UGC, if applicable).

iii. Scanned copy of the Certificate in support of claim of belonging to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes (where applicable). Annexure VI and VII may, however, be filled online by the OBC candidates.

iv. Scanned copy of the Certificate in support of claim for age relaxation (where applicable).

v. Scanned copy of the certificate in support of claim of falling in the Category of Persons with Benchmark Disability (along with a scanned copy of the certificate of Disability in Dominant (writing) Extremity, wherever applicable).

vi. Scanned copy of the Certificate to show that the candidate hails from Arunachal Pradesh/ Manipur/ Meghalaya/ Mizoram/ Nagaland or Sikkim (where applicable).

vii. Scanned copy of the undertaking given by a candidate who is in Government service that he /she has informed in writing the Head of the Office / Department about his/her intention to appear in the examination.

viii. Scanned copies of documentary proof in support of service/status/landholding/income from different sources/property held by parents of OBC (non creamy layer) candidates.

IAS QUERY: What precaution should be taken while uploading the Detailed Application Form?

A. The following precautions should be taken while uploading the Detailed Application Form:

i. All the copies of Certificates and documents mentioned above have to be scanned from the original Certificates and documents in 200 dpi grey scale and converted into a single PDF file.

ii. All the documents must be in the PDF format only.

iii. A proper Scanner should be used to scan the Certificates and Documents. The scanning should not be done with mobile phones.

iv. All the documents should be placed in a single PDF file. The size of the file, including the Detailed Application Form, should not be greater than 3 MB.

v. The PDF file should not be password protected.

vi. The uploaded file should be legible.

After all these precautions have been taken, the file should be uploaded online.

IAS QUERY: Are only scanned copies of the certificates and documents to be sent to the UPSC or do candidates have to send the original certificates and documents also by post or by hand?

A. Please remember, only scanned copies of the Certificates and Documents have to be uploaded online. Nothing has to be sent to the UPSC by post or by hand.

IAS QUERY: Will the UPSC send an acknowledgement of the submission of my DAF along with the accompanying Documents?

A. Yes. The UPSC will send an acknowledgement of the receipt of the Detailed Application Form along with the accompanying Documents through an email.

IAS QUERY: What will happen in case the DA Form is sent late, or wrongly filled out or is incomplete in some respect?

A. In case the Detailed Application Form is sent late, or wrongly filled out or is incomplete in some respect, it is liable to be rejected.

IAS QUERY: When will the UPSC issue the e-Admit Cards?

A. The e-Admit Cards will be issued electronically on the UPSC’s website. Candidates have to download it. The eligible candidates shall be issued an e‐Admit Card around three weeks to four weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e‐Admit Card will be made available on the UPSC website for downloading by candidates. e‐Admit Card will not be sent by post. 

IAS QUERY: What should a candidate do if he/she is not issued the e-Admit card and does not hear anything from the UPSC in this regard?

A. If a candidate is not issued his/her e‐Admit Card or does not receive any other communication regarding his/her candidature for the examination around three weeks before the commencement of the examination, he/she should immediately contact the UPSC. Information in this regard can also be obtained from the Facilitation Counter located in the UPSCs Office either in person or over phone Nos. 011‐23381125/011‐ 23385271/011‐23098543.

IAS QUERY: After the e-Admit Card has been downloaded, what should the candidate do?

A. After the e-Admit Card has been downloaded, candidates must check it carefully to ensure that the particulars recorded in the e-Admit card are correct. In case a mistake is detected, it should be immediately brought to the notice of the UPSC with the request that they may kindly issue a new e-Admit Card.

IAS QUERY: Will a candidate be allowed to take the examination on the strength of the e- Admit Card issued in respect of another candidate?

A. No. No candidate will be allowed to take the examination on the strength of the e-Admit Card issued in respect of another candidate.

IAS QUERY: Is it compulsory for a candidate to carry the e-Admit Card to the examination hall?

A. It is compulsory to carry the e-Admit Card to the examination hall. No candidate will be allowed to take the examination without the e-Admit Card. In addition, candidates should carry with them extra copies of their photographs. These photographs should be similar to the photograph that has been sent with the Detailed Application Form.

IAS QUERY: What is the procedure adopted for allotment of Roll Number, Centre and Venue to the candidates? 

A. Allotment of Roll number and Venue is carried out in a random manner without manual intervention. The UPSC makes all efforts to allot the candidate the Centre of his/her choice; however, the Centre may be changed at the discretion of the UPSC. Further, the allotment of Centres will be on the “first‐apply‐first allot” basis, and once the capacity of a particular Centre is exhausted, no further allotment at that Centre is possible. Applicants, who cannot get a Centre of their choice due to the ceiling, will be required to choose one of the remaining Centres.

IAS QUERY: When will the UPSC check the original certificates of the candidates?

A. The UPSC will check the original certificates of the candidates at the time of the Interview for the Personality Test.

IAS QUERY: Which date of birth Certificate of a candidate is accepted by the UPSC?

A. The date of birth Certificate accepted by the UPSC is the one that is entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a Certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination Certificate.

IAS QUERY: Are any other documents related to age like horoscope, affidavits, extracts from Municipal Corporations etc. accepted by the UPSC?

A. No. The UPSC does not accept documents like Horoscopes, Affidavits, Extracts from the Records of a Municipal Corporation etc. or any similar document related to age as proof of date of birth.

IAS QUERY: When is the Date of birth Certificate to be submitted to the UPSC?

A. The Date of Birth Certificate is required to be submitted only at the time of applying for the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

IAS QUERY: What is the Minimum Educational Qualification required to be eligible to appear in the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. The candidate must hold a degree of any of the Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification to be eligible to appear for the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: When is a candidate required to submit certificates in support of his claims regarding Age, Educational Qualifications, SC/ST/OBC and Persons with Benchmark Disabilities etc.?

A. Candidates are required to submit the certificates in support of their claims regarding Age, Educational Qualifications, Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes and Persons with Benchmark Disability etc. only at the time of the Main examination for the Civil Services.

IAS QUERY: When does the UPSC take up the verification of the eligibility conditions of candidates?

A. The UPSC takes up the verification of eligibility conditions with reference to the original documents only after the candidate has qualified for the Interview/Personality Test for the Civil Services.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of candidates appearing in the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS till their certificates are verified by the UPSC?

A. The status of candidates appearing for the examination for which they are admitted by the UPSC viz. Preliminary Examination, Main (Written) Examination and Interview Test is purely provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If, on verification at any time before or after the Preliminary Examination, Main (written) Examination and Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfil any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: Are there any restrictions on applying for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. There are some restrictions on applying for the examination. These are as under:

i. a. A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) or the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.

b. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination for that year is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination of that year.

c. Also, provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination for that year but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of the examination for that year.

ii. A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Police Service (IPS) on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to opt for the Indian Police Service (IPS) in the Civil Services Examination to be held during the subsequent year.

IAS QUERY: When can a candidate enter into correspondence with the UPSC?

A. The UPSC usually does not enter into any correspondence with the candidates about their candidature except in the following cases:
i. The eligible candidates are issued an e-Admit Card about three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card is made available on the UPSC website for downloading by candidates. No Admit Card is sent by post. If a candidate does not receive the e-Admit Card or any other communication regarding his/her candidature for the examination three weeks before the commencement of the examination, he/she should at once contact the UPSC.

ii. In the event of a candidate downloading more than one e-Admit Card from the UPSC’s website, he/she should use only one of these e-Admit Cards for appearing in the examination and report about the other(s) to the UPSC’s Office.

IAS QUERY: Which details are mandatorily to be provided to the UPSC when entering into correspondence with them?

A. All communications to the UPSC must contain the following details:
1. Name and year of the examination.
2. Registration ID (RID).

3. Roll Number (if received).
4. Full Name of the candidate (in block letters).
5. Complete postal address as given in the application.

IAS QUERY: What are the precautions that candidates should take while uploading their photographs and signatures in the Online Application? 

A.  Before filling up the Online Application, the candidates must get their photograph and signature scanned in the JPG format. Care should be taken to ensure that the size of each file does not exceed 40 KB. However, it must also be ensured that the size of the photograph is not less than 3 KB and the size of the signature is not less than 1 KB. The photograph and signature must also be clearly discernible.

Candidates should upload their photographs carefully. Please remember, no changes are permitted once the photograph has been uploaded and the online application has been submitted. If a candidate uploads a wrong photograph he/she will not be allowed to appear in the examination.

Please go through the instructions issued by the UPSC carefully before commencing the uploading of the online application form.

IAS QUERY: What precautions should be taken while filling up the Online Application Form?

A. Please read the instructions carefully before filling up the Online Application Form.

IAS QUERY: What is RID?

A. RID stands for Registration (R) Identity (ID), which is generated by the system when the applicant completes PART-I of the registration of his/her application.

IAS QUERY: What is TID?

A. TID stands for Transaction (T) Identity (ID), which is given by the Bank official when the applicant deposits his/her fee in cash. It is automatically generated when Internet Banking or credit/debit card mode is used for  payment of the fee.

IAS QUERY: What is meant by Part I and Part II of the Detailed Application Form?

A. The Online Detailed Application Form consists of two parts – Part I and Part II.

Part I of the Application has personal details like name, father’s name, date of birth, address, educational qualification, age relaxation, scribe details (only for Persons with Disabilities candidates opting for scribe) and preferences of particular exam, etc.

Part II of the Application consists of payment option for examination fee (only for those who are not exempted from payment of fee), centre of Examination along with uploading of photo/signature of the Candidate.

The candidate has to complete both, Part I and Part II to be a Candidate for the said Examination.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of the application when a candidate does not fill up Part II of the application form?

A If a candidate submits only PART-I of the application, without also submitting PART-II of the application, the application remains incomplete and the candidature of the candidate cannot be registered and is rejected.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of the application if the candidate has submitted Part I of the application form and has also paid the fee but has not properly completed Part II of the application?

A. Even if a candidate has submitted Part I of the Application Form and has also paid the fee, but has not properly completed Part II of the Application Form (i.e. failed to submit the photograph and the signature), the application is considered incomplete. Part II must also be properly completed before the application can be considered to be complete and registered.

IAS QUERY: What is contained in Part II of the application form? 

A. Part II of the application form comprises the following steps:

i. Fee payment (only for candidates not exempted from payment of fee).

ii. Choosing of the Examination centre from the available drop down menu.

iii. Uploading of photograph and signature.
iv. Agreeing to the Declaration.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of the application if the candidate does not select and submit the choice of a Centre?

A. If a candidate does not submit the choice of a Centre, it is treated as non-submission of Part II  of the application and leads to rejection of the Application. Therefore, Candidates must click on the “submit” button after selecting the Examination Centre.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of the application if a candidate submits the online application without making the Payment of the Fee?

A. In a case where a candidate submits the online application but does not deposit the fee prescribed, the application will be rejected.

IAS QUERY: What is the status of an application where candidates fill up multiple applications and pay the fee for all the applications, but wrongly fill up the fee particulars (TID) of one application (RID) against another application with a different RID?

A. Where a candidate fills up multiple applications, pays the fee for all the applications, but wrongly fills up the fee particulars (TID) of one application (RID) against another application with a different RID, the online applications will be rejected.

IAS QUERY: In a case where multiple applications have been correctly registered online and the fee has been duly paid for all the applications, which application will be finally entertained by the UPSC?

A In a case where multiple applications have been correctly registered online and the fee has been duly paid, the last application with the Registration ID (RID) number shall be entertained by the UPSC. Please remember, the  fee paid against one RID number shall not be adjusted against any other RID number.

IAS QUERY: How does the UPSC deal with applications having:

i Poor quality of uploaded photograph;

ii Poor quality of uploaded signature; 

iii Submission of only the photograph but not  the signature; or

iv photograph affixed at the place where the signature was to be affixed?

A. In all the cases mentioned above the online application will be rejected by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: What happens when a candidate enters the wrong TID in case of payment through a Bank Challan?

A. Sometimes candidates who submit their fee through a bank challan either enter the wrong challan number or submit the challan number against the old RID. In such cases the application will be rejected.

Please note, that in case of multiple submission of online applications by the candidate, only the last RID is considered and all other applications are rejected through the automated system. Therefore, the candidates must ensure that they submit the fee against the last online application filed by them.

IAS QUERY:What are the eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/ functional classification required for a Service/ Post? 

A. The physically disabled candidates shall also be required to meet eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/functional classification (abilities/disabilities) consistent with the requirements of the identified Service/Post as may be prescribed by its Cadre Controlling Authorities. The details of physical requirement and functional classification are given in the Rules of Examination.

IAS QUERY: Where are the eligibility conditions for availing reservation by the Physically Disabled Persons laid down?

A. The eligibility conditions for availing reservation against the vacancies reserved for the Physically Disabled Persons shall be the same as are laid down in “The Persons with Disability (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.”

IAS QUERY: What information is to be given by persons already in Government Service to their Head of Office?

A. Persons already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity, or as work charged employees, or those serving under the Public Enterprises, are required to submit an undertaking that they have informed their Head of Office/Department, in writing, that they have applied for the Examination. In case the UPSC receives a communication from their employer withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the examination, the application of such candidates will be liable to be rejected and the candidature of such candidates will be liable to be cancelled.

IAS QUERY: When should I apply if I choose to pay by Bank Challan? 

A. The closing date of submission of online application is clearly mentioned in the Examination Notice. Candidates, who make payments through Bank Challan, are required to submit online application at least a day before the notified closing date so that they can generate the Bank Challan to be submitted in any Branch of SBI throughout India. Facility of Challan generation will be deactivated on the last day of online application automatically by the system. However, Candidates can submit Bank Challan on the last day in SBI. Bank Challan generation is in Part‐II of Online Application.

IAS QUERY: What is ‘Fictitious Payment’?

A. Those payments mentioned by the candidates in their online application, which are not authenticated by the State Bank of India, i.e. the designated bank managing the entire payment module (including managing the payment gateway), are called fictitious payments.

IAS QUERY: How does the UPSC resolve the issue of fictitious payments made by a candidate?

A. The applicants, whose payments are marked fictitious, are intimated through e-mail to submit ‘physical proof of payment’ to the UPSC. These applicants are required to submit the physical proof within 10 days, from the date of such communication, either by hand or by speed post to the UPSC. In case, no response is received from the applicants, their applications are summarily rejected and no further correspondence is entertained in this regard by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: What precautions must be taken by candidates for claiming community reservation or reservation for Physically Handicapped? 

A. Candidates seeking reservation/ relaxation benefits available for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/ Other Backward Classes/Physically Handicapped/Ex‐servicemen must ensure that they are entitled to such reservation/ relaxation in accordance with the eligibility prescribed in the Rules/Notice. They should also be in possession of all the requisite certificates in the prescribed format in support of their claims for availing reservation before applying for the examination, and in any case, not later than the closing date for receipt of applications for the examination.

IAS QUERY: What action is taken by the UPSC in case of submission of false information by the candidates?

A. A candidate who is found to have furnished false information to the UPSC, or has suppressed information, or adopted various unfair means in the examination, like impersonation, etc., is liable to be disqualified or debarred from writing the Examinations by the UPSC. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in the Rules of Examination/ Examination Notices of the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: In case a candidate indicates in his/her form for the Preliminary Examination that he/she belongs to the General Category, but subsequently writes to the UPSC to change his/her category to a reserved one, will such a request be entertained by the UPSC?

A. If a candidate indicates in his/her application form for Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination that he/she belongs to the General category but subsequently writes to the UPSC to change his/her category to a reserved one, such request shall not be entertained by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: In case a candidate indicates in his/her form for the Preliminary Services Examination that he/she belongs to the General Category, but subsequently writes to the UPSC to change his/her category to Persons With Benchmark Disability, will such a request be entertained by the UPSC?

A. If a candidate indicates in his/her application form for Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination that he/she belongs to the General category but subsequently writes to the UPSC to change his/her category to Persons With Benchmark Disability, such request shall not be entertained by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: If a period of only 2- 3 months has elapsed between the issuance of a Government Notification by the Central Government enlisting a particular community in the list of any of the reserved communities and the date of submission of the application by the candidate, will the UPSC consider the change of Category of a candidate from General to Reserved in such cases?

A. If a period of only 2- 3 months has elapsed between the issuance of a Government Notification by the Central Government enlisting a particular community in the list of any of the reserved communities and the date of submission of the application by the candidate, in such cases the request of change of community from General to Reserved may be considered by the UPSC on merit.

IAS QUERY: Who should the candidates intending to appear in the Examination apply to?

A. All candidates, whether already in Government Service, Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organizations or in private employment, should submit their applications direct to the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: What should a candidate do in case he/she has downloaded more than one Admission Certificate from the UPSC’s website?

A. In the event of a candidate downloading more than one Admission Certificate from the UPSC’s website, he/she should use only one of these Admission Certificates for appearing in the examination and report about the other(s) to the UPSC’s Office.

IAS QUERY: Does the UPSC entertain any requests for withdrawal of application after the application has been filed online?

A. The UPSC does not entertain any request for withdrawal of application after a candidate has submitted his/her application online.

IAS QUERY: Does the issuing of an e-Admit Card to a candidate imply that the UPSC has cleared his candidature?

A. No. Please remember, mere issue of an admission certificate to a candidate does not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the UPSC. The UPSC takes up the verification of the eligibility conditions of a candidate, with reference to original documents, only after the candidate has qualified for the Civil Services (Main) Examination. Unless the candidature is formally confirmed by the UPSC, it continues to be provisional.

IAS QUERY: If, on verification it is found that a candidate does not fulfill any of the eligibility conditions, what steps can the UPSC take against him/her?

A. If, on verification it is found that a candidate does not fulfill any of the eligibility conditions, his/her candidature will be cancelled by the UPSC.

IAS QUERY: What are the precautions to be taken while uploading candidates’ photographs and signatures? 

A. Before filling up the Online Application, a candidate must have his/her photograph and signature duly scanned in the “JPG” format in such a manner that each file should not exceed 40 KB and must not be less than 3 KB in size for the photograph and 1 KB for the signature. The photograph and signature must be clearly discernable. Samples of acceptable photograph and signature are displayed in the application module.

Candidates should take due care while uploading their photograph since no changes are allowed once the photograph is uploaded and online application is submitted. Uploading of photograph/signature is the sole responsibility of the candidate and in case a wrong photograph/signature is uploaded, his/her candidature is liable to be cancelled for false identity.

Please check the e‐Admit Card carefully and discrepancies/ errors, if any, should be brought to the notice of UPSC immediately.

SPECIAL ABILITIES

IAS QUERY: Is the facility of a scribe to write the papers available to any category of candidates?

A. Candidates who are

i. blind or

ii. suffer from Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy where writing ability is adversely affected up to a minimum level of 40%

are allowed to write the examination with the help of a scribe. This facility is available for both the Preliminary Examination and the Main Examination.

IAS QUERY: Is any other facility also available for candidates who are blind or suffer from Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy?

A. Candidates who suffer from such disabilities are also provided compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour to write the paper.

IAS QUERY: Who can be selected as a scribe to write the examination for candidates suffering from blindness or Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy?

A. The eligibility conditions of a scribe, his/ her conduct inside the examination hall and the manner in which and extent to which he/she can help the blind candidate in writing the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS are governed by the instructions issued by the UPSC in this regard.

RESERVATIONS

IAS QUERY: Is there any reservation of seats for candidates belonging to SC, ST and OBC categories who are appearing for the Civil Services Examination?

A. The following reservation of seats are prescribed for induction into the Civil Services:

Scheduled Castes (SC)                     15%

Scheduled Tribes (ST)                      7.5%

Other Backward Classes (OBC)        27%

IAS QUERY: Are any seats reserved for women in the IAS and the other Civil Services?

A. No seats are reserved for women per se in the IAS or in the Other Civil Services.

IAS QUERY: What are the circumstances under which a candidate can get the benefit of community reservation?

A. A candidate will be eligible to get the benefit of community reservation only in case the particular caste to which the candidates belongs is included in the list of reserved communities issued by the Central Government.

IAS QUERY: What precautions must be taken by candidates for claiming community reservation or reservation for Physically Handicapped? 

A. Candidates seeking reservation/ relaxation benefits available for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/ Other Backward Classes/Physically Handicapped/Ex‐servicemen must ensure that they are entitled to such reservation/ relaxation in accordance with the eligibility prescribed in the Rules/Notice. They should also be in possession of all the requisite certificates in the prescribed format in support of their claims for availing reservation before applying for the examination, and in any case, not later than the closing date for receipt of applications for the examination.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate change his/her Community Status? 

A. A candidate is eligible to get the benefit of community reservation if his/her caste/tribe is included in the reserved community as may be determined by the Central Government. The Commission does not entertain a request for change of community from unreserved to reserved category once the examination process is initiated. However, in some exceptional cases where a particular caste/tribe is included in the list of reserved community within 2‐3 months from the date of submission of application, the Commission may consider a request of change of community as a special case.

In case of a candidate unfortunately becoming physically disabled during the course of the examination process, the candidate should produce valid document showing him acquiring a disability to the extent of 40% or more as mentioned in the relevant rules to enable him to get the benefits of PH reservation.

RESTRICTIONS

IAS QUERY: What items are banned at the Examination Venues? 

A. (a) Mobile phones, smart watches, bluetooth, pagers or any other communication devices and IT gadgets are banned items and are therefore not allowed inside the premises where the examination is being conducted. Any infringement of these instructions shall entail disciplinary action including ban from future examinations.

(b) Candidates are advised in their own interest not to bring any of the banned items including mobile phones/bluetooth/pagers to the venue of the examination.

(c) Candidates are also advised not to bring any valuable/expensive items to the Examination Halls, as safety of such items cannot be assured. UPSC will not be responsible for any loss in this regard.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

IAS QUERY: Are there any general instructions issued by the UPSC that should be kept in mind by candidates while preparing for the examination?

A. The following general instructions issued by the UPSC should be kept in mind by candidates while preparing for the examination:

(i) Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.

(ii) Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression combined with due economy of words in all subjects of the examination.

(iii) Candidates should use only International form of Indian numerals (i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 etc.) while answering the question papers.

(iv) Applications submitted without the prescribed Fee (Unless remission of Fee is claimed) shall be summarily rejected.

(v) Candidates must ensure that the email IDs given in their online application are valid and active.

(vi) The name in the Admission Certificate, in some cases, may be abbreviated due to technical reasons. This should not be a cause for concern for the candidate. The Admission Certificate with the abbreviated name would be absolutely valid.

(vii) The fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.

(viii) No fee exemption is available to male OBC candidates.

IAS QUERY: What are the Physical Standards required for appearing in the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS?

A. The candidates appearing in the Civil Services Examination to get into the IAS have to be physically fit according to the Physical Standards as per the guidelines laid down by the Government of India.

IAS QUERY: How does the UPSC invite applications for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. Initially the UPSC invites applications for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only.

IAS QUERY: Who has the discretion to fix the qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination?

A. The UPSC has the discretion to fix the qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the Examination.

REQUIREMENTS

IAS QUERY: What should be the Nationality of the candidate appearing for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. i. To be eligible to appear for the IAS and the IPS, the candidate must be a citizen of India.

ii. For the other Civil Services, a candidate must be either:

(a) a citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or

(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above, in whose case a certificate of eligibility has not been issued by the Government of India appear for the examination?

A. A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary but has not been issued so far, may be admitted to the examination by the UPSC, but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

INTERVIEW

IAS QUERY: Which candidates are called for the Interview for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. Those candidates who obtain the minimum qualifying marks, as may have been determined by the UPSC at their discretion, in the written part of the Main Examination, are called for an Interview for a Personality Test for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: How many candidates are called for the Interview for the Personality Test?

A. The number of candidates who are called for the Interview for the Personality Test for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS is usually about twice the number of vacancies to be filled.

IAS QUERY: How many marks does the Interview carry?

A. The Interview carries 275 marks. There are no minimum qualifying marks prescribed for the Interview.

IAS QUERY: Are the marks obtained in the Main Examination and the Interview added up to determine the final merit for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS?

A. Yes. The marks obtained in the Written part of the Main Examination and the Interview are added up to determine the final merit for the Civil Services Examination for getting into the IAS.

IAS QUERY: Who conducts the Interview of the candidates for the Civil Services for getting into the IAS?

A. The Candidates are interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who have before them a record of their career.

IAS QUERY: What is the object of the interview?

A. The object of the Interview is to get a Board of competent and unbiased observers to make an assessment about the suitability of the candidate for a career in public service.

IAS QUERY: What does the Board try to judge during the course of the interview for the Civil Services Examination for the IAS?

A. The Board tries to judge the mental caliber of the candidates. It tries to assess not only the candidates’ intellectual qualities but also the candidates’ social traits and interest in current affairs, modern currents of thought, new discoveries and inventions and generally in events happening around them. It tries to test the candidates for mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and last but not least, intellectual and moral integrity.

IAS QUERY: What is the technique of the Interview?

A. The technique of the Interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposeful conversation, which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidates.

IAS QUERY: Can a candidate write the Civil Service (Main) Examination in English and take the interview in Hindi or any other Indian language? 

A. The candidates, opting for Indian Language medium for the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination may choose either the same Indian Language or English or Hindi as the medium for the interview.

The candidates, opting to write the Civil Services (Main) Examination in English, may choose either English or Hindi or any other Indian Language opted by them for the compulsory Indian Language Paper in the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, as the medium for interview. The candidate has to indicate the language medium of their interview at the time of filling up of the Detailed Application Form (DAF). 

However, the candidates, who are exempted from the compulsory Indian Language Paper, will have to choose either English or Hindi as medium of Interview of Personality Test.

IAS SELECTION

IAS QUERY: What happens after a candidate is selected for the Civil Services?

A. After selection, the successful candidates undergo training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) at Mussoorie in the State of Uttarakhand. The first part of the training is known as The Foundation Course. It is held for all the candidates who have been selected for the Civil Services.

IAS QUERY: What is the Foundation Course?

A. The Foundation Course is a Course intended for the new recruits to the All India Services and Central Services (Group A). It equips fresh entrants with requisite skills, knowledge and attitude to shoulder responsibility as public servants.

IAS QUERY: What are the objectives of the Foundation Course?

A.  The main objectives of the Foundation Course are:

•to foster greater cooperation and coordination among various public services by building an esprit de corps;

•to promote all round development of the personality of an officer trainee –  intellectual, moral, physical and aesthetic.

IAS QUERY: What is the duration of the Foundation Course?

A. The Foundation Course lasts for 15 Weeks.

IAS QUERY: What happens at the end of the Foundation Course?

A. At the conclusion of the Foundation Course, the officers recruited for services other than the IAS leave to join their respective Training Academies for further training. Only the IAS Officer Trainees stay back at Mussoorie for further training, which is imparted to them at the LBSNAA, Mussoorie.

IAS QUERY: How are candidates allotted different Services?

A. Candidates are allotted to the various Services keeping in view their rank in the examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts.

IAS QUERY: Earlier only about 80-90 officers were selected for the IAS each year. Why has the number of officers selected each year for the IAS now gone up to 180?

A. The IAS, IPS, and the IFS (Indian Foreign Service) are suffering from a shortage of about 3000 officers as per the information provided by the Central Government. The Central Government is trying to fill up these vacancies in the shortest possible time. That is why the annual intake of officers for these services has gone up. Now 180 officers are selected for the IAS, 150 officers are selected for the IPS and 32 officers are selected for the IFS each year. The Central Government estimates that if they continue with this rate of induction into these services till 2025, then they are likely to overcome the problem of shortage of officers.

IAS OFFICERS

IAS QUERY: What is the career profile of an IAS officer?

A. After selection, IAS officers are allotted for work to different States in the country. The State that is allotted to an IAS officer is known as the ‘cadre’ of the IAS officer. Usually, officers spend most of their serving life in their cadre, serving at different positions in the State Government. IAS officers also go on deputation to the Government of India and hold different assignments under the Central Government. IAS officers may also get posted in the Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and in International bodies.

IAS QUERY: Who appoints the IAS officers?

A. The President of India appoints the IAS officers.

IAS QUERY: What was the Administrative Service known as when India was ruled by the British?

A. During the time when the British ruled India, the administrative service was known as the Imperial Civil Service or the ICS.

IAS QUERY: When was the ICS created?

A. The ICS was created in 1858.

IAS QUERY: When was the IAS created?

A. The IAS was created on 26th January 1950.

IAS QUERY: What is the first assignment that IAS officers hold under the State Government?

A. When the IAS officers go to their cadres after completing their training, they are usually posted as Sub Divisional Magistrates or SDMs. As SDMs they are responsible for the maintenance of the law and order, revenue administration and miscellaneous work of the government, like the holding of elections, conducting the census operations, ensuring that the schemes of the government are properly implemented etc. They report to the Deputy Commissioner/District Magistrate/District Collector.

IAS QUERY: When do IAS officers get posted as Deputy Commissioner (DC)/District Magistrate (DM)/ District Collector?

A. Different States have different conventions in this regard. In some States, officers are posted as DM within 6-7 years. In some other States they are posted as DM after 9-10 years. In a few States they are posted as DM after 12-13 years.

IAS QUERY: What other assignments in the field do IAS officers hold?

A. IAS officers also get posted as Divisional Commissioner and Financial Commissioner. These are very senior positions in the field in the State.

IAS QUERY: Do the IAS officers also hold any positions in the Secretariat at the State Government level?

A. Yes. IAS officers are posted as Deputy Secretary, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary and Secretary to the Government in the State Government. Some IAS officers also get appointed as Chief Secretary of the State.

IAS QUERY: What positions do IAS officers hold when they get posted in the Central Government?

A. IAS officers can be posted as Deputy Secretary, Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary and Secretary to Government, depending upon their seniority and performance, when they get posted in the Central Government.

IAS QUERY: What is the difference between a posting at the State Government and a posting at the Central Government?

A. The scope of the work at the State Government level and the Central Government level is quite different. In the States, the officers are responsible for preparing and implementing policies at level of the State only, which is a limited area. When they are posted with the Central Government, the scope of their work encompasses the entire country. It is vast.

LITTLE KNOWN FACT

IAS FACT: Which states contribute the largest number of IAS officers in the Civil Services Examination held every year?

A. Out of the candidates who are selected for the Civil Services and the IAS every year, the highest number, usually, belong to Delhi and UP. However, many candidates who are shown as having been selected from Delhi, actually belong to other states who come to Delhi to prepare for the examination.

RESOURCES

Useful Government Websites for Civil Service Preparation: 

ncert.nic.in – Download NCERT Texts as PDF.

nios.ac.in – Download NIOS Online Materials.

egyankosh.ac.in – Download IGNOU Books.

yojana.gov.in – Download Yojana and Kurukshetra Magazines.

upsc.gov.in – Official Website of UPSC.

pib.nic.in – Press Information Bureau Website, for government updates.

prsindia.org – PRS Website for tracking bills in Parliament.

idsa.in – IDSA website for Defense and Foreign relations.

gatewayhouse.in – Indian Council for Global relations.

envfor.nic.in – Ministry of Environment and Forests.

mea.gov.in – Ministry of External Affairs.

indiabudget.nic.in – Download Budget and Economic Survey.

ptinews.com – Press Trust of India.

ibef.org – India Brand Equity Foundation for economy and business.

vikaspedia.in – Knowledge initiative by InDG.

makeinindia.com – Make in India initiative for manufacturing related info.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *