IAS ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

Syllabus for the OPTIONAL Paper ‘ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING’ for the IAS Main Examination is listed below. It consists of two parts: ‘ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING’ PAPER I and ‘ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING’ PAPER II. PAPER I contains 8 topics while PAPER II contains 6 topics.

PAPER – I ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

PAPER I of Electrical Engineering contains 8 topics.

TOPIC 1: Circuits—Theory 

Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; Circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits. Two-port networks.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic.

KVV Murthy & MS Kamath – Basic Circuit Analysis

Abhijit Chakrabarti – Circuit Theory: Analysis and Synthesis

BL Theraja & Dr RS Sedha – Principles of Electronic Devices and Circuits

TOPIC 2: Signals and Systems

Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic.

IJ Nagrath & Gopal – A textbook of Control Systems Engineering

Alan V Oppenheim, Alan S Willsky & S Hamid Nawab – Signals and Systems

TOPIC 3: E.M. Theory

Maxwell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves. Transmission lines: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

RN Singh – Electromagnetic Waves and Fields

Edward C Jordan & Keith G Balmain – Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems

Namapaneni Narayan Rao – Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics

TOPIC 4: Analog Electronics

Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small- signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits : Clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror; Amplifiers : single and multi-stage, differential, operational feedback and power. Analysis of amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits. Filters; sinusoidal oscillators : criterion for oscillation; single- transistor and OPAMP configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Linear and switching power supplies.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

JB Gupta – Basic Analog Electronics

TOPIC 5: Digital Electronics

Boolean algebra; minimisation of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic implementation using programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA).

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

Betty Lincoln – Introduction to Digital Electronics

VK Mehta & Rohit Mehta – Principles of Electronics

TOPIC 6: Energy Conversion

Principles of electromechanical energy conversion: Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines: characteristics and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors. Transformers: principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase transformers. 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines: characteristics and performance analysis; speed control.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

D Yogi Goswami &Frank K Reith – Energy Conversion

JB Gupta – A Course in Electrical Power

Ashfaq Hussain & Haroon Ashfaq – Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering

BL Theraja & AK Theraja – A Textbook of Electrical Technology

TOPIC 7: Power Electronics and Electric Drives

Semi-conductor power devices: diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET-static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters : fully-controlled and half- controlled; principles of thyristor choppers and inverters; DC- DC converters; Switch mode inverter; basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives applications of variable- speed drives.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

VK Mehta & Rohit Mehta – Principles of Electronics

BL Theraja & AK Theraja – A Textbook of Electrical Technology

TOPIC 8: Analog Communication 

Random variables: continuous, discrete; probability, probability functions. Statistical averages; probability models; Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signal transmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation: Amplitude modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and Demodulators; Phase and Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals; narrows band FM; generation & detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation or AM and FM receivers.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

BP Lathi – Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems

David Middleton – Topics in Communication Theory

GK Mithal – Radio Engineering: Principles of Communicaton Systems

PAPER II – ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

PAPER II of Electrical Engineering contains 6 topics.

TOPIC 1: Control Systems

Elements of control systems; block-diagram representations; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems: time-domain and transform-domain analysis. Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bode-plots and polor plots, Nyquist’s criterion; Design of lead-lad compensators. Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable representation and analysis of control systems.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

Katsuhiko Ogata – Modern Control Engineering

TOPIC 2: Microprocessors and Microcomputers

PC organisation; CPU, instruction set, register settiming diagram, programming, interrupts, memory interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

Ramesh Gaonkar – Microprocessor, Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085

ME Van Valkenburg – Network Analysis

Nandita DasGupta & Amitava DasGupta – Semiconductor Devices: Modelling and Technology

Someshwar C Gupta, Jon W Bayless & Behrouz Peikari – Circuit Analysis: With Computer Applications to Problem Solving

TOPIC 3: Measurement and Instrumentation

Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency; bridge measurements. Signal conditioning circuit; Electronic measuring instruments : multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser, distoration-meter. Transducers : thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-guage, piezo-electric crystal.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

JB Gupta – A Course in Electrical Power

Ashfaq Hussain & Haroon Ashfaq – Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering

TOPIC 4: Power Systems: Analysis and Control

Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive power transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. Concepts of system stability : swing curves and equal area criterion. Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

DP Kothari & IJ Nagrath – Power System Engineering

CL Wadhwa – Electrical Power Systems

TOPIC 5: Power System Protection

Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection. Concept of solid state relays. Circuit brakers. Computer aided protection : introduction; line, bus, generator, transformer protection; numeric relays and application of DSP to protection.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

DP Kothari & IJ Nagrath – Power System Engineering

CL Wadhwa – Electrical Power Systems

BL Theraja & Dr RS Sedha – Principles of Electronic Devices and Circuits

TOPIC 6: Digital Communication

Pulse code modulation (PCM), defferential pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and demodulation schemes : amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Error control coding : error detection and correction, linear block codes, convolation codes. Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer architecture.

Material that should be used to prepare this topic. 

BP Lathi – Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems

GK Mithal – Radio Engineering: Principles of Communication Systems

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