IAS By IAS Founder, Mr. Anil Goswami | Welcome

The Union Home Secretary, Anil Goswami during a press conference in New Delhi in 2015. Photo by Yasbant Negi

IAS BY IAS Origins

Every year, over 10 lakh aspirants fill out forms to apply for the Civil Services Examinations.

Mr. Anil Goswami (Former Union Home Secretary Of India), is intimately aware of the dreams and aspirations of such young men and women. These were the same dreams and aspirations his parents had for him when he was growing up.

Towards the beginning of 2018, Mr. Goswami decided to dedicate his efforts towards guiding bright, ambitious and idealistic young Indians to get into the IAS. Towards this end he set up IAS BY IAS.

The mission of IAS BY IAS is simple: To build the most exhaustive IAS information website on the internet.

The first ‘IAS’ in the title, stands for the aspirants to the IAS.

The second part, ‘BY IAS’ stands for former IAS officers, including Mr. Goswami who will guide young aspirants through the process.


Mr. Anil Goswami was born on 14th January 1955 at Jammu, in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), India.

He did his B.A. (Honours) History in 1974 from the Hindu College, Delhi.

Mr. Anil Goswami was selected for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1978 and was allotted his home cadre of J&K. In those days, only such candidates who were very high in the merit list, were able to get their home cadres and Mr. Goswami was one of the very few.

He was appointed the Home Secretary of India in June 2013. He retired from that position in February 2015.

A few significant events that were dealt with great aplomb during Mr. Goswami’s tenure as the Union Home Secretary Of India:


The cyclone hit the two States of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh on October 12, 2013. The low death toll during the Cyclone Phailin was in stark contrast to the huge number of people who died when the Tsunami had hit the coast of Tamil Nadu in 2004. More than18,000 persons died then. In contrast to 119 lives lost to Cyclone Phailin. Mr. Goswami and the the Ministry of Home Affairs’ were integral in bringing about this reduction in the death toll.


The new State of Telangana was carved out of the erstwhile State of Andhra Pradesh during Mr.Goswami’s tenure as the Home Secretary. It was a gigantic exercise involving complex legislative and executive actions.


Mr. Goswami ensured that free and fair elections were held by making available to the Election Commission of India an unprecedented number of Security Forces personnel for deployment at various sensitive places in the country. The Bhartiya Janata Party came to power after the general elections.


These were the worst floods to hit the State in the last 100 years. 5642 villages were affected. The city of Srinagar, was completely inundated. 3,50,000 houses were destroyed or damaged, 6000 kilometers of roads were damaged, Power Supply infrastructure was devastated. The State Administration collapsed. Mr. Anil Goswami, was sent by the Prime Minister of India to J&K to set things right. He spent one week in J&K.During this period he streamlined the rescue, relief and rehabilitation work and put the State administration back on its feet.


The cyclone hit the States of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. It caused large-scale devastation. 700,000 persons were evacuated to safer areas. It was a huge rescue operation undertaken by the Ministry Of Home Affairs.


While Mr. Goswami was the Home Secretary, the security situation in J&K and the North East of India witnessed significant improvement.

Tangible progress was also made in reducing Left Wing Extremist (LWE) violence by implementing a multi-pronged strategy.

The security situation in the hinterland of the country was also kept under check.

Security related issues arising out of infiltration, smuggling and other anti-national activities along the land and the coastal border of India were also addressed suitably.

Large amendments were made to the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955 to address the demand of the Indian Diaspora to have some kind of a binding and lasting connection with India. Such persons are now known as Overseas Citizens of India cardholders.

As Secretary Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr.Goswamit prepared “The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation, Bill.This was passed by the Parliament and became a law in 2013. It is a very important piece of social legislation.


In Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Mr. Goswami served as Secretary to the Governor to 3 Governors (1989- 1993). He was selected as Secretary after he had put in only eleven years of service. This was a rare distinction because the State was passing through tumultuous times due to the foreign sponsored militancy. To deal with the situation Governor’s/ President’s Rule had been imposed in the state.


Mr. Goswami was appointed as the first Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board in 1986. He remained the CEO for 12 years, till 1998. 

When Mr. Goswami became CEO, the Board had no funds. However, when he demitted office (1998), the Board, after meeting all the expenses on developing the infrastructure, still had about Rs. 60 crores in the Bank and about forty kilograms of gold and 400 kilograms of silver in the vaults. Due to these improvements, the pilgrimage rose from one million (1986) to more than five million per year (1998). This pilgrimage now provides direct and indirect employment to more than 50,000 people and pumps in more than Rs.1000 crores in to the economy of the region every year. This has transformed the life of the people of the region.

Mr. Goswami wrote a book titled, ‘VAISHNO DEVI – THE SHRINE’, while he was CEO of the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board, in 1998. 

Anil Goswami Quote: “Making Things Complex Is Simple. Making Things Simple, However, Is Quite Complex.